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How knowledge attributes influence alliance governance choices: A theory development note

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  • Contractor, Farok J.
  • Ra, Wonchan

Abstract

This note develops theory regarding how attributes of corporate knowledge influence the selection of alliance governance mode. Different types of corporate knowledge are placed on a spectrum between a classic public good and deeply embedded knowledge. Hypotheses are developed regarding knowledge characteristics such as transfer costs, consequences of appropriation, observability, information asymmetry between negotiating partners, the difficulty of valuing knowledge, and the "disclosure dilemma." Next, hypotheses are presented on the choice of alliance governance mode as determined by knowledge attributes (codification, newness, complexity, and teachability) and partner characteristics (such as knowledge absorptive capacity). These testable propositions should make for fruitful empirical studies on the relatively little researched area of alliance governance modal choice.

Suggested Citation

  • Contractor, Farok J. & Ra, Wonchan, 2002. "How knowledge attributes influence alliance governance choices: A theory development note," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 11-27.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:8:y:2002:i:1:p:11-27
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Yue Wang & Stephen Nicholas, 2007. "The formation and evolution of non-equity strategic alliances in China," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, pages 131-150.
    2. repec:spr:scient:v:95:y:2013:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-013-0962-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Globerman, Steven & Nielsen, Bo Bernhard, 2007. "Equity versus non-equity international strategic alliances involving Danish firms: An empirical investigation of the relative importance of partner and host country determinants," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 449-471, December.
    4. Contractor, Farok J. & Woodley, James A., 2015. "How the alliance pie is split: Value appropriation by each partner in cross-border technology transfer alliances," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, pages 535-547.
    5. Nielsen, Bo Bernhard, 2005. "The role of knowledge embeddedness in the creation of synergies in strategic alliances," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 58(9), pages 1194-1204, September.
    6. Mazzola, Erica & Perrone, Giovanni, 2013. "A strategic needs perspective on operations outsourcing and other inter-firm relationships," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 144(1), pages 256-267.
    7. O'Dwyer, Michèle & O'Flynn, Eamonn, 2005. "MNC-SME strategic alliances -- A model framing knowledge value as the primary predictor of governance modal choice," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 397-416, September.
    8. Yuandi Wang & Zhao Zhou & Jason Li-Ying, 2013. "The impact of licensed-knowledge attributes on the innovation performance of licensee firms: evidence from the Chinese electronic industry," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 38(5), pages 699-715, October.
    9. Nicolai J. Foss, 2013. "Knowledge governance: meaning, origins and implications," Chapters,in: Handbook of Economic Organization, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Chih-Jou Chen & Chia-Chin Chang & Shiu-Wan Hung, 2011. "Influences of Technological Attributes and Environmental Factors on Technology Commercialization," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, pages 525-535.
    11. repec:eee:iburev:v:26:y:2017:i:3:p:435-447 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:bpj:erjour:v:3:y:2013:i:1:p:62-83:n:2 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:spr:manint:v:47:y:2007:i:3:d:10.1007_s11575-007-0024-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Pittino, Daniel & Visintin, Francesca, 2011. "The propensity toward inter-organizational cooperation in small- and medium-sized family businesses," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, pages 57-68.

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