Family ownership and business expansion of small- and medium-sized Chinese family businesses: The mediating role of financing preference
The relationship between family ownership and business expansion is the subject of controversy among researchers. This article expands on the mediating role of financing preference in the context of family small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in China. In the research programme, the relationship between family ownership and business expansion was empirically examined using data collected from a survey of 206 Chinese family businesses in Henan Province. On one hand, the results show family ownership has a negative effect on a firm's total expansion level and a positive effect on a firm's internal financing preference (ratio of internal to external funds). On the other hand, we found an inverted U-shaped relationship between family ownership and a firm's annual expansion rate. The findings of this research generally indicate a complex relationship between family ownership and family business expansion: (a) Family businesses have a tendency to stagnate; stagnation is therefore a factor in the mediating role of financial preference on business expansion in size. (b) The presence of external equity partners may reduce the limitations of full family ownership; however, selling the majority of the firm is not an effective way to achieve rapid expansion.
Volume (Year): 3 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/719791/description#description|
|Order Information:|| Postal: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/719791/bibliographic|
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Danny Miller & Isabelle Le Breton-Miller & Barry Scholnick, 2008. "Stewardship vs. Stagnation: An Empirical Comparison of Small Family and Non-Family Businesses," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(1), pages 51-78, 01.
- Lopez-Gracia, Jose & Aybar-Arias, Cristina, 2000. " An Empirical Approach to the Financial Behaviour of Small and Medium Sized Companies," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 55-63, February.
- David Sraer & David Thesmar, 2007.
"Performance and Behavior of Family Firms: Evidence from the French Stock Market,"
Journal of the European Economic Association,
MIT Press, vol. 5(4), pages 709-751, 06.
- Sraer, David & Thesmar, David, 2004. "Performance and Behaviour of Family Firms: Evidence from the French Stock Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 4520, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- David Sraer & David Thesmar, 2004. "Performance and Behavior of Family Firms : Evidence from the French Stock Market," Working Papers 2004-24, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
- Robin Mackie, 2001. "Family Ownership and Business Survival: Kirkcaldy, 1870-1970," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(3), pages 1-32.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:fambus:v:3:y:2012:i:2:p:97-105. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.