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Rare earth ions doped phosphors for improving efficiencies of solar cells


  • Lian, Hongzhou
  • Hou, Zhiyao
  • Shang, Mengmeng
  • Geng, Dongling
  • Zhang, Yang
  • Lin, Jun


This paper discusses lanthanide doped luminescent materials which can modify the solar spectrum to reduce the spectral losses encountered by PV (photovoltaic) devices and enhance the conversion efficiency. High cost owing to low conversion efficiency is a limiting factor for contribution of PV devices. Thermalization, recombination, and transmission, resulted from spectral mismatch are three major losses. Many efforts have been made on spectral modification to circumvent these losses. Spectral modification is to modify the incident photons to appropriate energy by upconversion, downconversion or downshifting to better match with the bandgap of semiconductors. Recently, many lanthanide doped spectral modifiers in variety of hosts have been prepared and used to reduce the spectral losses. These materials will be discussed in this paper and the challenges of development and application of such materials is presented as well.

Suggested Citation

  • Lian, Hongzhou & Hou, Zhiyao & Shang, Mengmeng & Geng, Dongling & Zhang, Yang & Lin, Jun, 2013. "Rare earth ions doped phosphors for improving efficiencies of solar cells," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 270-283.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:57:y:2013:i:c:p:270-283
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Badescu, Viorel & Badescu, Alina Mihaela, 2009. "Improved model for solar cells with up-conversion of low-energy photons," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1538-1544.
    2. Oliver Morton, 2006. "A new day dawning?: Silicon Valley sunrise," Nature, Nature, vol. 443(7107), pages 19-22, September.
    3. Bagnall, Darren M. & Boreland, Matt, 2008. "Photovoltaic technologies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4390-4396, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Meng, Caifeng & Liu, Yunpeng & Xu, Zhiheng & Wang, Hongyu & Tang, Xiaobin, 2022. "Selective emitter with core–shell nanosphere structure for thermophotovoltaic systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 239(PA).
    2. Liu, Yongxin & Yue, Xuejun & Cai, Kun & Deng, Haidong & Zhang, Ming, 2015. "Microwave-assist hydrothermal synthesis and luminescence of NaGd(WO4):Tb3+ phosphors: A case study for the energy saving in the synthesis of phosphors," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(P2), pages 1413-1417.
    3. Lin, Jintai & Zeng, Zhi & Ma, Qianmin & Wang, Qianming & Zhang, Yanfen, 2014. "Effects of multiple irradiations on luminescent materials and energy savings – A case study for the synthesis of BaMO4: Ln3+ (M = W, Mo; Ln = Eu, Tb) phosphors," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 551-556.

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