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Energetic and economic investigation of the operation management of an Organic Rankine Cycle cogeneration plant

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  • Stoppato, Anna

Abstract

In the past few years a special attention has been paid to the use of renewable energy, but some negative features of these sources (low power density and unpredictable availability) bring about remarkable difficulties of economic payback. For this reason, in many countries incentives are provided to promote energy conversion plants fed by these sources. Such incentives can influence not only the design of new plants, but also their operation strategy. This paper describes the results of the energetic and economic analysis of a new plant sited in Asiago (Italy), for different operation strategies. The plant consists of 2 boilers fed by the wastes from a sawmill: one of them directly supplies hot water to a district heating grid, while the other provides heat for a cogeneration (ORC) Organic Rankine Cycle. The ORC plant has a nominal electric power of 1.25 MW and can produce 5.3 MW of heat. It is connected to the electric grid and to the local district heating grid. The emissions have been evaluated, too and compared with those of the pre-existing situation: domestic boilers fed by natural gas or diesel oil.

Suggested Citation

  • Stoppato, Anna, 2012. "Energetic and economic investigation of the operation management of an Organic Rankine Cycle cogeneration plant," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 3-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:41:y:2012:i:1:p:3-9
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2011.09.033
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Wu, Qiong & Ren, Hongbo & Gao, Weijun & Weng, Peifen & Ren, Jianxing, 2018. "Design and operation optimization of organic Rankine cycle coupled trigeneration systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 666-677.
    3. Zhai, Huixing & Shi, Lin & An, Qingsong, 2014. "Influence of working fluid properties on system performance and screen evaluation indicators for geothermal ORC (organic Rankine cycle) system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 2-11.
    4. Tańczuk, Mariusz & Ulbrich, Roman, 2013. "Implementation of a biomass-fired co-generation plant supplied with an ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) as a heat source for small scale heat distribution system – A comparative analysis under Polish and G," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 132-141.
    5. Messineo, Antonio & Volpe, Roberto & Marvuglia, Antonino, 2012. "Ligno-cellulosic biomass exploitation for power generation: A case study in sicily," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 613-625.
    6. Wang, Huarong & Xu, Jinliang & Yang, Xufei & Miao, Zheng & Yu, Chao, 2015. "Organic Rankine cycle saves energy and reduces gas emissions for cement production," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 59-73.
    7. Danon, Gradimir & Furtula, Mladen & Mandić, Marija, 2012. "Possibilities of implementation of CHP (combined heat and power) in the wood industry in Serbia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 169-176.
    8. Liu, Qiang & Duan, Yuanyuan & Yang, Zhen, 2014. "Effect of condensation temperature glide on the performance of organic Rankine cycles with zeotropic mixture working fluids," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 394-404.
    9. Uris, María & Linares, José Ignacio & Arenas, Eva, 2015. "Size optimization of a biomass-fired cogeneration plant CHP/CCHP (Combined heat and power/Combined heat, cooling and power) based on Organic Rankine Cycle for a district network in Spain," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 935-945.
    10. Zhang, Cheng & Liu, Chao & Wang, Shukun & Xu, Xiaoxiao & Li, Qibin, 2017. "Thermo-economic comparison of subcritical organic Rankine cycle based on different heat exchanger configurations," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 728-741.
    11. Uris, María & Linares, José Ignacio & Arenas, Eva, 2014. "Techno-economic feasibility assessment of a biomass cogeneration plant based on an Organic Rankine Cycle," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 707-713.
    12. Wang, Z.X. & Li, H.Y. & Zhang, X.F. & Wang, L.W. & Du, S. & Fang, C., 2020. "Performance analysis on a novel micro-scale combined cooling, heating and power (CCHP) system for domestic utilization driven by biomass energy," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 1215-1232.
    13. Yang, Kai & Zhang, Hongguang & Wang, Zhen & Zhang, Jian & Yang, Fubin & Wang, Enhua & Yao, Baofeng, 2013. "Study of zeotropic mixtures of ORC (organic Rankine cycle) under engine various operating conditions," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 494-510.

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