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Linear and nonlinear causality between sectoral electricity consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Taiwan


  • Cheng-Lang, Yang
  • Lin, Hung-Pin
  • Chang, Chih-Heng


This study investigates the linear and nonlinear causality between the total electricity consumption (TEC) and real gross domestic production (RGDP). Unlike previous literature, we solve the undetermined relation between RGDP and electricity consumption by classifying TEC into industrial sector consumption (ISC) and residential sector consumption (RSC) as well as investigating how TEC, ISC, and RSC influence Taiwan's RGDP. By using the Granger's linear causality test, it is shown that (i) there is a bidirectional causality among TEC, ISC, and RGDP, but a neutrality between RSC and RGDP with regard to the linear causality and (ii) there is still a bidirectional causality between TEC and RGDP, but a unidirectional causality between RSC and RGDP with regard to the nonlinear causality. On the basis of (i) and (ii), we suggest that the electricity policy formulators loosen the restriction on ISC and limit RSC in order to achieve the goal of economic growth.

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  • Cheng-Lang, Yang & Lin, Hung-Pin & Chang, Chih-Heng, 2010. "Linear and nonlinear causality between sectoral electricity consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Taiwan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6570-6573, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:11:p:6570-6573

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nadeem, Sana & Munir, Kashif, 2016. "Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Pakistan: A Sectoral Analysis," MPRA Paper 74569, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Smyth, Russell & Narayan, Paresh Kumar, 2015. "Applied econometrics and implications for energy economics research," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 351-358.
    3. Omay, Tolga & Hasanov, Mübariz & Uçar, Nuri, 2014. "Energy consumption and economic growth: Evidence from nonlinear panel cointegration and causality tests," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 34(2), pages 36-55.
    4. repec:eee:eneeco:v:63:y:2017:i:c:p:154-160 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Lin, Boqiang & Moubarak, Mohamed, 2014. "Estimation of energy saving potential in China's paper industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 182-189.
    6. Maria Pempetzoglou, 2014. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: A Linear and Nonlinear Causality Investigation for Turkey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(2), pages 263-273.
    7. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Shafiullah, Muhammad & Papavassiliou, Vassilios & Hammoudeh, Shawkat, 2017. "The CO2-Growth nexus revisited: A nonparametric analysis for G7 economies over nearly two centuries," MPRA Paper 79019, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 May 2017.
    8. Dergiades, Theologos & Martinopoulos, Georgios & Tsoulfidis, Lefteris, 2013. "Energy consumption and economic growth: Parametric and non-parametric causality testing for the case of Greece," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 686-697.
    9. Lin, Boqiang & Wang, Ailun, 2015. "Estimating energy conservation potential in China's commercial sector," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 147-156.
    10. Nazlioglu, Saban, 2011. "World oil and agricultural commodity prices: Evidence from nonlinear causality," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 2935-2943, May.
    11. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:2498-2503 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Al-Mulali, Usama & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2014. "Are energy conservation policies effective without harming economic growth in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 639-650.
    13. repec:eee:eneeco:v:65:y:2017:i:c:p:183-193 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Boqiang Lin & Weisheng Liu, 2017. "Scenario Prediction of Energy Consumption and CO 2 Emissions in China’s Machinery Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-18, January.
    15. Araç, Ayşen & Hasanov, Mübariz, 2014. "Asymmetries in the dynamic interrelationship between energy consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Turkey," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 259-269.
    16. repec:eee:eneeco:v:68:y:2017:i:c:p:160-176 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:eee:rensus:v:76:y:2017:i:c:p:353-368 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Wolde-Rufael, Yemane, 2014. "Electricity consumption and economic growth in transition countries: A revisit using bootstrap panel Granger causality analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 325-330.
    19. Chen, Ping-Yu & Chen, Sheng-Tung & Chen, Chi-Chung, 2012. "Energy consumption and economic growth—New evidence from meta analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 245-255.


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