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Analyzing major renewable energy sources and power stability in Taiwan by 2030


  • Chuang, Ming-Tung
  • Chang, Shih-Yu
  • Hsiao, Ta-Chih
  • Lu, Yun-Ru
  • Yang, Tsung-Yeh


The aim of this study is to assess the offshore wind and solar power and to determine whether the future power supply in Taiwan will be stable. The estimated annual offshore wind and solar power generation for 2030 are 11343 GWh and 11367 GWh, respectively. Based on these results, it appears that the annual power supply can easily help balance the total power demand. However, the power demand is high during the summer peak months, and power generation may be insufficient during peak summer hours by 2030. Specifically, in 2024, the peak hourly percent reserve margin (PRM) in summer will be negative (-0.9%). If the installation of offshore wind turbines and solar panels is delayed, then the problem of insufficiency will be even more severe. However, if the offshore wind and solar photovoltaic projects are completed on schedule, and the first, second, and third nuclear power plants (NPPs) extend their service to 2030, then the hourly PRM could reach 15% during the summer peak hours from 2025 to 2030 and 5–11% in the other years. Moreover, if the fourth NPP opens, then the estimated summer peak hourly PRM would increase by 6–7%.

Suggested Citation

  • Chuang, Ming-Tung & Chang, Shih-Yu & Hsiao, Ta-Chih & Lu, Yun-Ru & Yang, Tsung-Yeh, 2019. "Analyzing major renewable energy sources and power stability in Taiwan by 2030," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 293-306.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:125:y:2019:i:c:p:293-306
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.10.036

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ko, Li & Wang, Jen-Chun & Chen, Chia-Yon & Tsai, Hsing-Yeh, 2015. "Evaluation of the development potential of rooftop solar photovoltaic in Taiwan," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 582-595.
    2. Ciprian Vlad & Marian Barbu & Ramon Vilanova, 2016. "Intelligent Control of a Distributed Energy Generation System Based on Renewable Sources," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-23, August.
    3. Liu, Shih-Yuan & Perng, Yeng-Horng & Ho, Yu-Feng, 2013. "The effect of renewable energy application on Taiwan buildings: What are the challenges and strategies for solar energy exploitation?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 92-106.
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    5. Buttler, Alexander & Dinkel, Felix & Franz, Simon & Spliethoff, Hartmut, 2016. "Variability of wind and solar power – An assessment of the current situation in the European Union based on the year 2014," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 147-161.
    6. Fang, Hsin-Fa, 2014. "Wind energy potential assessment for the offshore areas of Taiwan west coast and Penghu Archipelago," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 237-241.
    7. Lin, Chyou-Jong & Yu, Oliver S. & Chang, Chung-Liang & Liu, Yuin-Hong & Chuang, Yuh-Fa & Lin, Yu-Liang, 2009. "Challenges of wind farms connection to future power systems in Taiwan," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1926-1930.
    8. Brigitte Knopf & Michael Pahle & Hendrik Kondziella & Fabian Joas & Ottmar Edenhofer & Thomas Bruckner, 2014. "Germany's Nuclear Phase-out: Sensitivities and Impacts on Electricity Prices and CO2 Emissions," Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 1).
    9. Kuo, Po-Yao, 2015. "The impacts of energy trends and policies on Taiwan's power generation systems," AGI Working Paper Series 2015-10, Asian Growth Research Institute.
    10. Pascal Petit, 2013. "France and Germany Nuclear Energy Policies Revisited: A Veblenian Appraisal," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 60(5), pages 687-698, September.
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    1. repec:eee:energy:v:175:y:2019:i:c:p:1259-1270 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:13:p:3514-:d:243269 is not listed on IDEAS


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