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On the relations between ELECTRE TRI-B and ELECTRE TRI-C and on a new variant of ELECTRE TRI-B


  • Bouyssou, Denis
  • Marchant, Thierry


ELECTRE TRI is a set of methods designed to sort alternatives evaluated on several criteria into ordered categories. The original method uses limiting profiles. A recently introduced method uses central profiles. We study the relations between these two methods. We do so by investigating if an ordered partition obtained with one method can also be obtained with the other method, after a suitable redefinition of the profiles. We also investigate a number of situations in which the original method using limiting profiles gives results that do not fit well our intuition. This leads us to propose a variant of ELECTRE TRI that uses limiting profiles. We show that this variant may have some advantages over the original method.

Suggested Citation

  • Bouyssou, Denis & Marchant, Thierry, 2015. "On the relations between ELECTRE TRI-B and ELECTRE TRI-C and on a new variant of ELECTRE TRI-B," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 242(1), pages 201-211.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:242:y:2015:i:1:p:201-211
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2014.09.057

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Greco, Salvatore & Mousseau, Vincent & Slowinski, Roman, 2010. "Multiple criteria sorting with a set of additive value functions," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 207(3), pages 1455-1470, December.
    2. Almeida-Dias, J. & Figueira, J.R. & Roy, B., 2012. "A multiple criteria sorting method where each category is characterized by several reference actions: The Electre Tri-nC method," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 217(3), pages 567-579.
    3. Kadziński, MiŁosz & Greco, Salvatore & SŁowiński, Roman, 2012. "Extreme ranking analysis in robust ordinal regression," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 488-501.
    4. Dias, Luis C. & Mousseau, Vincent, 2006. "Inferring Electre's veto-related parameters from outranking examples," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 170(1), pages 172-191, April.
    5. Dias, Luis & Mousseau, Vincent & Figueira, Jose & Climaco, Joao, 2002. "An aggregation/disaggregation approach to obtain robust conclusions with ELECTRE TRI," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 138(2), pages 332-348, April.
    6. Cailloux, Olivier & Meyer, Patrick & Mousseau, Vincent, 2012. "Eliciting Electre Tri category limits for a group of decision makers," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 223(1), pages 133-140.
    7. Mousseau, V. & Figueira, J. & Naux, J. -Ph., 2001. "Using assignment examples to infer weights for ELECTRE TRI method: Some experimental results," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 130(2), pages 263-275, April.
    8. Almeida-Dias, J. & Figueira, J.R. & Roy, B., 2010. "Electre Tri-C: A multiple criteria sorting method based on characteristic reference actions," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 204(3), pages 565-580, August.
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/2944 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Bouyssou, Denis & Marchant, Thierry, 2007. "An axiomatic approach to noncompensatory sorting methods in MCDM, II: More than two categories," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 178(1), pages 246-276, April.
    11. Mousseau, Vincent & Figueira, Jose & Dias, Luis & Gomes da Silva, Carlos & Climaco, Joao, 2003. "Resolving inconsistencies among constraints on the parameters of an MCDA model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 147(1), pages 72-93, May.
    12. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1482 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Mousseau, Vincent & Dias, Luis, 2004. "Valued outranking relations in ELECTRE providing manageable disaggregation procedures," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 156(2), pages 467-482, July.
    14. Roy, B. & Vincke, Ph., 1987. "Pseudo-orders: Definition, properties and numerical representation," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 263-274, December.
    15. Sébastien Damart & Luis Dias & Vincent Mousseau, 2007. "Supporting groups in sorting decisions: methodology and use of a multi-criteria aggregation-disaggregation DSS," Post-Print halshs-00170234, HAL.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


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    Cited by:

    1. Eduardo Fernandez & Jorge Navarro & Edgar Covantes & Jorge Rodriguez, 2017. "Analysis of the effectiveness of the theseus multi-criteria sorting method: theoretical remarks and experimental evidence," TOP: An Official Journal of the Spanish Society of Statistics and Operations Research, Springer;Sociedad de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, vol. 25(2), pages 314-339, July.
    2. Eduardo Fernandez & Jorge Navarro & Rafael Olmedo, 2018. "Characterization of the Effectiveness of Several Outranking-Based Multi-Criteria Sorting Methods," International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making (IJITDM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 17(04), pages 1047-1084, July.
    3. Corrente, Salvatore & Greco, Salvatore & Słowiński, Roman, 2016. "Multiple Criteria Hierarchy Process for ELECTRE Tri methods," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 252(1), pages 191-203.
    4. Doumpos, Michalis & Figueira, José Rui, 2019. "A multicriteria outranking approach for modeling corporate credit ratings: An application of the Electre Tri-nC method," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 166-180.


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