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The poverty–vulnerability–resilience nexus: Evidence from Bangladesh

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  • Akter, Sonia
  • Mallick, Bishawjit

Abstract

Vulnerability and resilience lie at the core of the new paradigm governing natural disaster risk management frameworks. However, empirical understandings of socio-economic resilience and its links with poverty and vulnerability are limited. This paper presents an empirical investigation of socio-economic resilience to natural disasters in a tropical cyclone-prone coastal community in Bangladesh. The results indicate that the cyclone in question had negative impacts on the community, particularly in terms of income, employment and access to clean water and sanitation. Consistent with the findings of the social vulnerability literature, our results also suggest that the poor were more vulnerable and suffered significantly higher economic, physical and structural damage. However, this high vulnerability did not necessarily lead to low resilience, as these individuals exhibited a greater ability to withstand the shock compared to their non-poor neighbors. This refutes the flip-side hypothesis of the link between vulnerability and resilience (i.e. vulnerability is the flip side of resilience). The findings imply that the increased risk of tropical cyclones is likely to reduce incomes and standards of living among the tropical coastal communities. However, the burden of these adverse impacts is unlikely to be disproportionally borne by the poorer segment of the society.

Suggested Citation

  • Akter, Sonia & Mallick, Bishawjit, 2013. "The poverty–vulnerability–resilience nexus: Evidence from Bangladesh," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 114-124.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:96:y:2013:i:c:p:114-124
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.10.008
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kalliopi Sapountzaki, 2012. "Vulnerability management by means of resilience," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 60(3), pages 1267-1285, February.
    2. Sanket Mohapatra & George Joseph & Dilip Ratha, 2012. "Remittances and natural disasters: ex-post response and contribution to ex-ante preparedness," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 365-387, June.
    3. Cannon, Terry, 2008. "Reducing People?s Vulnerability to Natural Hazards: Communities and Resilience," WIDER Working Paper Series 034, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Neil Adger, W., 1999. "Social Vulnerability to Climate Change and Extremes in Coastal Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 249-269, February.
    5. Shitangsu Paul & Jayant Routray, 2011. "Household response to cyclone and induced surge in coastal Bangladesh: coping strategies and explanatory variables," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 57(2), pages 477-499, May.
    6. van den Berg, Marrit, 2010. "Household income strategies and natural disasters: Dynamic livelihoods in rural Nicaragua," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 592-602, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:ediscc:v:1:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s41885-017-0011-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Narloch, Ulf & Bangalore, Mook, 2018. "The multifaceted relationship between environmental risks and poverty: new insights from Vietnam," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 87553, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Karim, Azreen, 2016. "The household response to persistent natural disasters: Evidence from Bangladesh," Working Paper Series 4968, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
    4. repec:eee:tefoso:v:129:y:2018:i:c:p:16-26 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Tauisi Taupo & Ilan Noy, 2017. "At the Very Edge of a Storm: The Impact of a Distant Cyclone on Atoll Islands," Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 143-166, July.
    6. S. Nazrul Islam & John Winkel, 2017. "Climate Change and Social Inequality," Working Papers 152, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
    7. Bayes Ahmed & Ilan Kelman & Heather K. Fehr & Manik Saha, 2016. "Community Resilience to Cyclone Disasters in Coastal Bangladesh," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-29, August.
    8. Sheu, Jiuh-Biing, 2016. "Supplier hoarding, government intervention, and timing for post-disaster crop supply chain recovery," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 134-160.
    9. repec:eee:wdevel:v:103:y:2018:i:c:p:40-59 is not listed on IDEAS

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