Greening of supply chain in developing countries: Diffusion of lead (Pb)-free soldering in ICT manufacturers in China
The paper examines the diffusion of lead-free soldering in ICT manufacturers in China as response to EU's RoHS directives, in order to investigate the global–local networks linking the lead market with the producers in developing countries. The result shows rapid diffusion of the technological change triggered by such regulation among Chinese firms. The diffusion however occurs at varied rates in different regions, depending on their export orientation. The logistic regression model shows that, other than firm attributes, such as the position in the product chains and the firm-level environmental performance, two geographical factors, i.e., target markets and local cluster effects, are also significant in influencing firm's technological choices, while capital sources is less important.
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- Beise, Marian & Rennings, Klaus, 2005. "Lead markets and regulation: a framework for analyzing the international diffusion of environmental innovations," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 5-17, January.
- Walter J. V. Vermeulen & P. J. Ras, 2006. "The challenge of greening global product chains: meeting both ends," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 245-256.
- Rennings, Klaus, 2000. "Redefining innovation -- eco-innovation research and the contribution from ecological economics," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 319-332, February.
- Lauridsen, Erik Hagelskjær & Jørgensen, Ulrik, 2010. "Sustainable transition of electronic products through waste policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 486-494, May.
- Maskell, Peter & Malmberg, Anders, 1999. "Localised Learning and Industrial Competitiveness," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(2), pages 167-185, March.
- Adam Jaffe & Richard Newell & Robert Stavins, 2002. "Environmental Policy and Technological Change," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 22(1), pages 41-70, June.
- David P Angel & Michael T Rock, 2005. "Global standards and the environmental performance of industry," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 37(11), pages 1903-1918, November.
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