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Incidence of forest income on reduction of inequality: Evidence from forest dependent households in milieu of joint forest management

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  • Das, Nimai

Abstract

This study suggests that there is a narrower scope to expand income inequality with the increase in forest source of income to total income relative to non-forest income irrespective of the type of forest fringe villages. The addition of forest income after joint forest management (JFM) reduces measured income inequality by about 12%, all else equal, in the JFM involved households. But no such perceptible decrease has been found for non-JFM households during this period. Categorically, forest income plays the dominant role in reducing measured income inequality for those households who are relatively asset poor and that also live below poverty line. The study also shows that the non-involvement in JFM programme by the non-JFM households might bring about a major environmental shirking, because illegal timber income constitutes the major part in total income for non-JFM households even after JFM scenario.

Suggested Citation

  • Das, Nimai, 2010. "Incidence of forest income on reduction of inequality: Evidence from forest dependent households in milieu of joint forest management," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(8), pages 1617-1625, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:69:y:2010:i:8:p:1617-1625
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Reddy, S. R. C. & Chakravarty, S. P., 1999. "Forest Dependence and Income Distribution in a Subsistence Economy: Evidence from India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(7), pages 1141-1149, July.
    2. Will Cavendish, 1999. "Poverty, inequality and environmental resources: quantitative analysis of rural households," CSAE Working Paper Series 1999-09, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    3. Debnarayan Sarker & Nimai Das, 2008. "A Study of Economic Outcome of Joint Forest Management Programme in West Bengal: The Strategic Decisions between Government and Forest Fringe Community," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 43(1), pages 17-45, July.
    4. Babulo, Bedru & Muys, Bart & Nega, Fredu & Tollens, Eric & Nyssen, Jan & Deckers, Jozef & Mathijs, Erik, 2009. "The economic contribution of forest resource use to rural livelihoods in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 123-131, March.
    5. Pattanayak, Subhrendu K. & Sills, Erin O. & Kramer, Randall A., 2004. "Seeing the forest for the fuel," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(02), pages 155-179, May.
    6. Fisher, Monica, 2004. "Household welfare and forest dependence in Southern Malawi," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(02), pages 135-154, May.
    7. Nimai Das & Debnarayan Sarker, 2009. "Impact of a moral hazard problem in the Joint Forest Management Programme: a study from forest-dependent households in West Bengal," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 323-331.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oli, Bishwa Nath & Treue, Thorsten & Smith-Hall, Carsten, 2016. "The relative importance of community forests, government forests, and private forests for household-level incomes in the Middle Hills of Nepal," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 155-163.
    2. Boukary OUEDRAOGO (CEDRES - Université de Ouaga II) & Sylvie FERRARI (GREThA, CNRS, UMR5113), 2012. "Incidence of forest income in reducing poverty and inequalities:\r\nEvidence from forest dependent households in managed forests’ areas in Burkina Faso," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-28, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    3. Devash Kapur, Kishore Gawande, Shanker Satyanath, 2012. "Renewable Resource Shocks and Conflict in India’s Maoist Belt," Working Papers 302, Center for Global Development.
    4. repec:eee:ecolec:v:147:y:2018:i:c:p:21-28 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Nakakaawa, Charlotte & Moll, Ricarda & Vedeld, Paul & Sjaastad, Espen & Cavanagh, Joseph, 2015. "Collaborative resource management and rural livelihoods around protected areas: A case study of Mount Elgon National Park, Uganda," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1-11.
    6. Mohammad Abdullah, Abu Nasar & Stacey, Natasha & Garnett, Stephen T. & Myers, Bronwyn, 2016. "Economic dependence on mangrove forest resources for livelihoods in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 15-24.

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