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The effects of placement and school stability on academic growth trajectories of students in foster care

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  • Clemens, Elysia V.
  • Klopfenstein, Kristin
  • Lalonde, Trent L.
  • Tis, Matt

Abstract

As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students' academic growth before, during, and after out-of-home placements. The sample consisted of 7674 youth in 4th through 10th grades from one Mountain region state who were also in foster care at any point between 2008 and 2014. The findings from the current study underscore the importance of: (a) supporting “catch-up” growth when students initially enter the child welfare system; (b) considering the detrimental effects of co-occurring placement changes and school moves in case planning for students in foster care; (c) maintaining academic progress for those students who are meeting grade-level expectations; and, (d) implementing supports and services that extend beyond the duration of time that students are in foster care.

Suggested Citation

  • Clemens, Elysia V. & Klopfenstein, Kristin & Lalonde, Trent L. & Tis, Matt, 2018. "The effects of placement and school stability on academic growth trajectories of students in foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 86-94.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:87:y:2018:i:c:p:86-94
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.02.015
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    1. Clemens, Elysia V. & Klopfenstein, Kristin & Tis, Matt & Lalonde, Trent L., 2017. "Educational stability policy and the interplay between child welfare placements and school moves," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 209-217.
    2. Pecora, Peter J., 2012. "Maximizing educational achievement of youth in foster care and alumni: Factors associated with success," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1121-1129.
    3. Hébert, Sophie T. & Lanctôt, Nadine & Turcotte, Mathilde, 2016. "“I didn't want to be moved there”: Young women remembering their perceived sense of Agency in the Context of placement instability," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 229-237.
    4. Salazar, Amy M. & Roe, Stephanie S. & Ullrich, Jessica S. & Haggerty, Kevin P., 2016. "Professional and youth perspectives on higher education-focused interventions for youth transitioning from foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 23-34.
    5. Mehana, Majida & Reynolds, Arthur J., 2004. "School mobility and achievement: a meta-analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 93-119, January.
    6. Waid, Jeffrey & Kothari, Brianne H. & Bank, Lew & McBeath, Bowen, 2016. "Foster care placement change: The role of family dynamics and household composition," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 44-50.
    7. Conners-Burrow, Nicola A. & Kramer, Teresa L. & Sigel, Benjamin A. & Helpenstill, Kathy & Sievers, Chad & McKelvey, Lorraine, 2013. "Trauma-informed care training in a child welfare system: Moving it to the front line," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 1830-1835.
    8. Clemens, Elysia V. & Helm, Heather M. & Myers, Kristin & Thomas, Christina & Tis, Matt, 2017. "The voices of youth formerly in foster care: Perspectives on educational attainment gaps," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 65-77.
    9. Blakey, Joan M. & Leathers, Sonya J. & Lawler, Michelle & Washington, Tyreasa & Natschke, Chiralaine & Strand, Tonya & Walton, Quenette, 2012. "A review of how states are addressing placement stability," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 369-378.
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    Cited by:

    1. Garcia, Antonio R. & DeNard, Christina & Morones, Seth M. & Eldeeb, Nehal, 2019. "Mitigating barriers to implementing evidence-based interventions in child welfare: Lessons learned from scholars and agency directors," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 313-331.
    2. Finster, Heather P. & Norwalk, Kate E., 2021. "Characteristics, experiences, and mental health of children who re-enter foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 129(C).
    3. Pope, Natalie D. & Ratliff, Stephanie & Moody, Shannon & Benner, Kalea & “Jay” Miller, Justin, 2022. "Peer support for new foster parents: A case study of the Kentucky Foster Parent Mentoring Program," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    4. Mihalec-Adkins, Brittany P. & Christ, Sharon L. & Day, Elizabeth, 2020. "An exploration of placement-related psychosocial influences on school engagement among adolescents in foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    5. Höjer, Ingrid & Lindberg, Helena & Nielsen, Bo & Gustafsson, Jan-Eric & Johansson, Helena, 2018. "Recognition of education and schooling in case files for children and young people placed in out-of-home care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 135-142.
    6. Goyette, Martin & Blanchet, Alexandre & Esposito, Tonino & Delaye, Ashleigh, 2021. "The role of placement instability on employment and educational outcomes among adolescents leaving care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    7. Zhang, Jing & Slesnick, Natasha, 2020. "Academic performance and delinquent and aggressive behaviors among children with substance using mothers," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 109(C).

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