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The effect of merger anticipation on bidder and target firm announcement period returns

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  • Cornett, Marcia Millon
  • Tanyeri, Basak
  • Tehranian, Hassan

Abstract

This paper examines investors' anticipation of bidder and target merger candidacy and if investor anticipations about candidacy affect the distribution of value between bidder and target firm shareholders. We find that bidder firms can be predicted more accurately than target firms. To investigate how merger announcement period returns are distributed among bidder and target shareholders, we control for different degrees of predictability in bidder and target selection and find that the difference between bidder and target firm three-day cumulative abnormal returns around a merger announcement decreases significantly. Thus, the evidence supports the hypothesis that the asymmetry in investor anticipations about merger candidacy causes disparity in bidder and target firm announcement period abnormal returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Cornett, Marcia Millon & Tanyeri, Basak & Tehranian, Hassan, 2011. "The effect of merger anticipation on bidder and target firm announcement period returns," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 595-611, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:17:y:2011:i:3:p:595-611
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    Cited by:

    1. Chung, Chune Young & Hur, Seok-Kyun & Wang, Kainan, 2017. "Strategic merger decisions across business cycles: Evidence from bidders' time-varying appetite for operating leverage," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 143-158.
    2. Çömez-Dolgan, Nagihan & Tanyeri, Başak, 2015. "Inventory performance with pooling: Evidence from mergers and acquisitions," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 331-339.
    3. repec:wsi:qjfxxx:v:07:y:2017:i:01:n:s2010139217400018 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:bla:acctfi:v:57:y:2017:i::p:3-43 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mine Ertugrul & Karthik Krishnan, 2014. "Investment Banks In Dual Roles: Acquirer M&A Advisors As Underwriters," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 37(2), pages 159-189, June.
    6. Vermaelen, Theo & Xu, Moqi, 2014. "Acquisition finance and market timing," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 73-91.
    7. Yılmaz, Işıl Sevilay & Tanyeri, Başak, 2016. "Global Merger and Acquisition (M&A) activity: 1992–2011," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 110-117.
    8. Zha Giedt, Jenny, 2017. "Why Do Firms Sell Out? Separating Targets’ Motives from Bidders’ Selection of Targets in M&A," MPRA Paper 81014, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Aug 2017.

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