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Cross-border acquisitions in a transition economy: The recent experiences of China and India

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  • Nagano, Mamoru
  • Yuan, Yuan

Abstract

This paper investigates the causes and consequences of inward cross-border acquisitions in emerging countries. The focus is on business deals made by firms in China and India, where government ownership ratios remain high. Our empirical analysis yields two important findings. First, the Chinese and Indian firms targeted by foreigners have statistically higher cash-reserve ratios and growth opportunities that do not attract domestic acquirers. This result suggests that both target characteristics are required to influence the inward investment decisions of foreign firms. Second, shareholder value created through cross-border acquisitions is higher for foreign acquirers than for domestic acquirers. This finding implies that investment returns on foreign acquisitions in high-growth emerging markets in which governments promote state-owned share releases are higher than returns from domestic takeovers. It also explains why the number of cross-border deals has recently increased in these countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Nagano, Mamoru & Yuan, Yuan, 2013. "Cross-border acquisitions in a transition economy: The recent experiences of China and India," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 66-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:asieco:v:24:y:2013:i:c:p:66-79
    DOI: 10.1016/j.asieco.2012.08.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Reddy, K. Srinivasa, 2015. "Institutional Laws, and Mergers and Acquisitions in India: A Review/Recommendation," MPRA Paper 63410, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2015.
    2. Reddy, K. Srinivasa & Nangia, Vinay Kumar & Agrawal, Rajat, 2012. "Corporate mergers and financial performance: A new assessment of Indian cases," MPRA Paper 60425, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
    3. Reddy, Kotapati Srinivasa, 2015. "Macroeconomic Change, and Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions: The Indian Experience, 1991-2010," MPRA Paper 63562, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2015.
    4. Du, Min & Boateng, Agyenim, 2015. "State ownership, institutional effects and value creation in cross-border mergers & acquisitions by Chinese firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 430-442.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mergers and acquisitions; Post-merger performance;

    JEL classification:

    • O21 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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