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Power quality assessment of wind turbines and comparison with conventional legal regulations: A case study in Turkey


  • Tascikaraoglu, A.
  • Uzunoglu, M.
  • Vural, B.
  • Erdinc, O.


Renewable energy sources have been investigated for use instead of conventional fossil fuels in many areas. Among these renewable energy sources, wind energy has come into prominence owing to the fact that it is a clean, sustainable and cost-effective type of energy. However, the connection of large wind farms to the grid may cause problems in terms of power quality due to the variability of the energy extracted from the wind. The mentioned power quality problems are generally taken into consideration after the grid integration of wind farms. However, the precautions that can be taken by means of the assessments before the installation of the turbines represent an easier and more economic way. In this study, the possible effects of the grid connected wind turbines on the power quality characteristics have been defined and the MATLAB based models have been constructed so as to calculate these effects. Particularly, fast voltage variations that are difficult to model due to their relations with the human factor have been analyzed in detail. It has been aimed that the models are suitable for use in practice while utilizing various standards such as IEC 61400-21 and IEC 61000-4-15 in order to setup the models. The analyses of the implementations that represent constraints for exploiting the wind resources in Turkey have been realized in terms of production and consumption with a case study. The realized calculations present the applicability of the model to grid conditions with different characteristics. It is also presented that the wind energy penetration can be increased without deteriorating the power quality of the grid with the use of the proposed model.

Suggested Citation

  • Tascikaraoglu, A. & Uzunoglu, M. & Vural, B. & Erdinc, O., 2011. "Power quality assessment of wind turbines and comparison with conventional legal regulations: A case study in Turkey," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(5), pages 1864-1872, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:88:y:2011:i:5:p:1864-1872

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. García-Gracia, Miguel & Paz Comech, M. & Sallán, Jesús & López-Andía, Diego & Alonso, Oscar, 2009. "Voltage dip generator for wind energy systems up to 5Â MW," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(4), pages 565-574, April.
    2. de Alegría, Iñigo Martinez & Andreu, Jon & Martín, José Luis & Ibañez, Pedro & Villate, José Luis & Camblong, Haritza, 2007. "Connection requirements for wind farms: A survey on technical requierements and regulation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(8), pages 1858-1872, October.
    3. Georgilakis, Pavlos S., 2008. "Technical challenges associated with the integration of wind power into power systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 852-863, April.
    4. Liu, Li-qun & Wang, Zhi-xin, 2009. "The development and application practice of wind-solar energy hybrid generation systems in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(6-7), pages 1504-1512, August.
    5. Kaldellis, J.K. & Kavadias, K.A. & Filios, A.E., 2009. "A new computational algorithm for the calculation of maximum wind energy penetration in autonomous electrical generation systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(7-8), pages 1011-1023, July.
    6. Mutlu, Özgür Salih & Akpınar, Eyüp & Balıkcı, Abdül, 2009. "Power quality analysis of wind farm connected to Alaçatı substation in Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1312-1318.
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    Cited by:

    1. Boynuegri, A.R. & Vural, B. & Tascikaraoglu, A. & Uzunoglu, M. & Yumurtacı, R., 2012. "Voltage regulation capability of a prototype Static VAr Compensator for wind applications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 422-431.
    2. Díaz-González, Francisco & Sumper, Andreas & Gomis-Bellmunt, Oriol & Bianchi, Fernando D., 2013. "Energy management of flywheel-based energy storage device for wind power smoothing," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 207-219.
    3. Das, Choton K. & Bass, Octavian & Mahmoud, Thair S. & Kothapalli, Ganesh & Mousavi, Navid & Habibi, Daryoush & Masoum, Mohammad A.S., 2019. "Optimal allocation of distributed energy storage systems to improve performance and power quality of distribution networks," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 252(C), pages 1-1.
    4. Gao, Cuixia & Sun, Mei & Geng, Yong & Wu, Rui & Chen, Wei, 2016. "A bibliometric analysis based review on wind power price," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 602-612.


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