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Bioenergy conversion studies of the organic fraction of MSW: assessment of ultimate bioenergy production potential of municipal garbage

Author

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  • Rao, M. S.
  • Singh, S. P.
  • Singh, A. K.
  • Sodha, M. S.

Abstract

Batch digestion of municipal garbage was carried out under room temperature conditions (26±4°C) for 240 days. The ultimate biogas production potential of municipal garbage was found to be 0.661 m3/kg volatile solids. The experimental and ultimate gas yields obtained from municipal garbage compared well with the yields obtained from other types of solid wastes. A mathematical model was developed to predict both ultimate biodegradable substrate concentration as well as ultimate biogas production. The ultimate bioenergy yield, ultimate anaerobic biodegradability of the substrate and the overall bioprocess conversion efficiency were evaluated from observations to be 18,145 kJ/kg volatile solids, 89.79 and 95.44%, respectively. The total biogas yield from municipal garbage per kg dry matter was observed to be 0.5 m3 and the average methane content of the biogas was observed to be 70 %vol.

Suggested Citation

  • Rao, M. S. & Singh, S. P. & Singh, A. K. & Sodha, M. S., 2000. "Bioenergy conversion studies of the organic fraction of MSW: assessment of ultimate bioenergy production potential of municipal garbage," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 75-87, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:66:y:2000:i:1:p:75-87
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    Cited by:

    1. Shah, A.T. & Favaro, L. & Alibardi, L. & Cagnin, L. & Sandon, A. & Cossu, R. & Casella, S. & Basaglia, M., 2016. "Bacillus sp. strains to produce bio-hydrogen from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 176(C), pages 116-124.
    2. Roberts, Keiron P. & Heaven, Sonia & Banks, Charles J., 2016. "Comparative testing of energy yields from micro-algal biomass cultures processed via anaerobic digestion," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(P1), pages 744-753.
    3. Shane, Agabu & Gheewala, Shabbir H. & Fungtammasan, Bundit & Silalertruksa, Thapat & Bonnet, Sébastien & Phiri, Seveliano, 2016. "Bioenergy resource assessment for Zambia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 93-104.
    4. Mohammadi, Ali & Omid, Mahmoud, 2010. "Economical analysis and relation between energy inputs and yield of greenhouse cucumber production in Iran," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 191-196, January.
    5. Halder, P.K. & Paul, N. & Joardder, M.U.H. & Khan, M.Z.H. & Sarker, M., 2016. "Feasibility analysis of implementing anaerobic digestion as a potential energy source in Bangladesh," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 124-134.
    6. Di Maria, Francesco & Sordi, Alessio & Micale, Caterina, 2012. "Optimization of Solid State Anaerobic Digestion by inoculum recirculation: The case of an existing Mechanical Biological Treatment plant," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 462-469.
    7. Chandra, R. & Vijay, V.K. & Subbarao, P.M.V. & Khura, T.K., 2012. "Production of methane from anaerobic digestion of jatropha and pongamia oil cakes," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 148-159.
    8. Grima-Olmedo, C. & Ramírez-Gómez, Á. & Alcalde-Cartagena, R., 2014. "Energetic performance of landfill and digester biogas in a domestic cooker," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 301-308.
    9. Sorgüven, Esra & Özilgen, Mustafa, 2012. "Energy utilization, carbon dioxide emission, and exergy loss in flavored yogurt production process," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 214-225.
    10. Elsamadony, M. & Tawfik, A. & Suzuki, M., 2015. "Surfactant-enhanced biohydrogen production from organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) via dry anaerobic digestion," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 272-282.
    11. Zhang, Wanqin & Wei, Quanyuan & Wu, Shubiao & Qi, Dandan & Li, Wei & Zuo, Zhuang & Dong, Renjie, 2014. "Batch anaerobic co-digestion of pig manure with dewatered sewage sludge under mesophilic conditions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 175-183.

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