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Empowering end-use consumers of electricity to aggregate for demand-side participation

Author

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  • Melendez, Kevin A.
  • Subramanian, Vignesh
  • Das, Tapas K.
  • Kwon, Changhyun

Abstract

End-use consumers (peers) are being empowered to aggregate for direct demand-side participation through load scheduling and energy sharing. This is the result of the growth of Internet of Things (IoT) enabled loads, availability of advanced metering infrastructure, and the move towards real-time (RT) pricing of electricity. Peer-to-peer (P2P) cooperation has received significant interest in recent years, though the focus of this growing body of research is on modeling prosumer behavior in microgrids. Hence, there is a need for new methodologies to examine empowerment of all end-use consumers (not limited to prosumers) to form aggregations and develop fair rules of cooperation to reduce cost. This paper offers an optimization based methodology to address the above need for power systems. It minimizes the total cost and considers fairness using a Nash bargaining approach. Since cost and fairness are often in conflict, trade-off strategies are also presented. The model to asses fairness is nonlinear. Hence, it is transformed into a second order cone program (SOCP) and solved using GUROBI software version 7.5.2. The methodology is implemented on a sample 5-bus network, built using price and demand data from one of the load zones of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland (PJM) power network in the United States. It is shown that two aggregations of peers participating in the sample network can reduce their total cost by 14.17% and 22.7%, while maintaining fairness. Concluding remarks highlight some of the limitations of the methodology.

Suggested Citation

  • Melendez, Kevin A. & Subramanian, Vignesh & Das, Tapas K. & Kwon, Changhyun, 2019. "Empowering end-use consumers of electricity to aggregate for demand-side participation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 248(C), pages 372-382.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:248:y:2019:i:c:p:372-382
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.04.092
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Tushar, Wayes & Saha, Tapan Kumar & Yuen, Chau & Azim, M. Imran & Morstyn, Thomas & Poor, H. Vincent & Niyato, Dustin & Bean, Richard, 2020. "A coalition formation game framework for peer-to-peer energy trading," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 261(C).

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