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The value of a dispatchable concentrating solar power transfer from Middle East and North Africa to Europe via point-to-point high voltage direct current lines


  • Hess, Denis


Dispatchable solar power from concentrating solar thermal power plants (CSP) combined with thermal energy storage and co-firing option can provide energy according to demand. A transfer of such electricity from CSP in desert regions to distant consumer centres may therefore complement domestic energies. A detailed energy system modelling showing the benefit and drawback of CSP from Middle East and North Africa for Europe was not yet done. This paper closes the scientific knowledge gap applying an energy system model with a least-cost approach and detailed scenario analysis for the year 2050. Energy system analyses describe the effects of including and excluding a transfer of CSP from MENA to EU via a grid or via point-to-point high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines. A multi-criteria assessment reveals the impact of such CSP-HVDC power plants on energy infrastructure, operational behaviour, cost and emission of the energy system. To evaluate national grid expansion, a new grid methodology is used as composed of transmission and distribution grid. The evaluation shows that power plant capacity, electrical storage and grid expansion as well as electrical curtailment can cause a beneficial impact when CSP-HVDC is used to supplement the energy portfolio in Europe.

Suggested Citation

  • Hess, Denis, 2018. "The value of a dispatchable concentrating solar power transfer from Middle East and North Africa to Europe via point-to-point high voltage direct current lines," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 221(C), pages 605-645.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:221:y:2018:i:c:p:605-645
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.159

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    1. Keyif, Enes & Hornung, Michael & Zhu, Wanshan, 2020. "Optimal configurations and operations of concentrating solar power plants under new market trends," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 270(C).
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    3. Alassi, Abdulrahman & Bañales, Santiago & Ellabban, Omar & Adam, Grain & MacIver, Callum, 2019. "HVDC Transmission: Technology Review, Market Trends and Future Outlook," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 530-554.
    4. Zhou, Bo & Ai, Xiaomeng & Fang, Jiakun & Yao, Wei & Zuo, Wenping & Chen, Zhe & Wen, Jinyu, 2019. "Data-adaptive robust unit commitment in the hybrid AC/DC power system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 254(C).
    5. Jiang, Sufan & Gao, Shan & Pan, Guangsheng & Zhao, Xin & Liu, Yu & Guo, Yasen & Wang, Sicheng, 2020. "A novel robust security constrained unit commitment model considering HVDC regulation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 278(C).
    6. Mena, R. & Escobar, R. & Lorca, Á. & Negrete-Pincetic, M. & Olivares, D., 2019. "The impact of concentrated solar power in electric power systems: A Chilean case study," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 235(C), pages 258-283.
    7. Tobias Junne & Karl-Kiên Cao & Kim Kira Miskiw & Heidi Hottenroth & Tobias Naegler, 2021. "Considering Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Power System Expansion Planning for Europe and North Africa Using Multi-Objective Optimization," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(5), pages 1-26, February.
    8. Hansen, Kenneth & Breyer, Christian & Lund, Henrik, 2019. "Status and perspectives on 100% renewable energy systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 175(C), pages 471-480.
    9. Prina, Matteo Giacomo & Casalicchio, Valeria & Kaldemeyer, Cord & Manzolini, Giampaolo & Moser, David & Wanitschke, Alexander & Sparber, Wolfram, 2020. "Multi-objective investment optimization for energy system models in high temporal and spatial resolution," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 264(C).

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