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Classification of global island regarding the opportunity of using RES


  • Meschede, Henning
  • Holzapfel, Peter
  • Kadelbach, Florian
  • Hesselbach, Jens


In terms of energy supply, the vast majority of populated islands depends on fossil fuels. These are normally not locally available on the islands. Because of the increasing profitability of renewable energies and a growing environmental awareness, more and more islands are breaking away from the conventional energy supply and are reinforcing the use of renewable energies. An energy supply system proven successful on one island could also be successfully implemented on another island. For this, the second island has to have similar conditions for the use of renewable energies. This study classifies the global islands with the use of cluster analysis. Input variables of the performed cluster analysis are climatic as well as physical and socio-economic parameters. In total 1087 islands are classified. Finally, ten main clusters of islands could be pointed out. These clusters contain regional and global spread groups of islands. The result offers the possibility to identify similar islands concerning the implementation of RES. Therefore, it supports the transfer of proven, well-working concepts and the direct adoption of these concepts by suitable islands. Furthermore, islands which have especially high potentials for the use of a specific renewable energy source can be easily recognized.

Suggested Citation

  • Meschede, Henning & Holzapfel, Peter & Kadelbach, Florian & Hesselbach, Jens, 2016. "Classification of global island regarding the opportunity of using RES," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 175(C), pages 251-258.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:175:y:2016:i:c:p:251-258
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.05.018

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    1. Gils, Hans Christian & Simon, Sonja, 2017. "Carbon neutral archipelago – 100% renewable energy supply for the Canary Islands," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 188(C), pages 342-355.
    2. Rodrigues, E.M.G. & Godina, R. & Catalão, J.P.S., 2017. "Modelling electrochemical energy storage devices in insular power network applications supported on real data," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 188(C), pages 315-329.
    3. Meschede, Henning, 2019. "Increased utilisation of renewable energies through demand response in the water supply sector – A case study," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 175(C), pages 810-817.
    4. Sigrist, L. & Lobato, E. & Rouco, L. & Gazzino, M. & Cantu, M., 2017. "Economic assessment of smart grid initiatives for island power systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 189(C), pages 403-415.
    5. Meschede, Henning & Esparcia, Eugene A. & Holzapfel, Peter & Bertheau, Paul & Ang, Rosario C. & Blanco, Ariel C. & Ocon, Joey D., 2019. "On the transferability of smart energy systems on off-grid islands using cluster analysis – A case study for the Philippine archipelago," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 251(C), pages 1-1.
    6. Dorotić, Hrvoje & Doračić, Borna & Dobravec, Viktorija & Pukšec, Tomislav & Krajačić, Goran & Duić, Neven, 2019. "Integration of transport and energy sectors in island communities with 100% intermittent renewable energy sources," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 109-124.
    7. Alessandro Corsini & Eileen Tortora, 2018. "Sea-Water Desalination for Load Levelling of Gen-Sets in Small Off-Grid Islands," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(8), pages 1-18, August.
    8. Bertheau, Paul & Cader, Catherina, 2019. "Electricity sector planning for the Philippine islands: Considering centralized and decentralized supply options," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 251(C), pages 1-1.
    9. Mazzoni, Stefano & Ooi, Sean & Nastasi, Benedetto & Romagnoli, Alessandro, 2019. "Energy storage technologies as techno-economic parameters for master-planning and optimal dispatch in smart multi energy systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 254(C).
    10. Meschede, Henning & Dunkelberg, Heiko & Stöhr, Fabian & Peesel, Ron-Hendrik & Hesselbach, Jens, 2017. "Assessment of probabilistic distributed factors influencing renewable energy supply for hotels using Monte-Carlo methods," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 86-100.
    11. Gioutsos, Dean Marcus & Blok, Kornelis & van Velzen, Leonore & Moorman, Sjoerd, 2018. "Cost-optimal electricity systems with increasing renewable energy penetration for islands across the globe," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 226(C), pages 437-449.
    12. Mendoza-Vizcaino, Javier & Raza, Muhammad & Sumper, Andreas & Díaz-González, Francisco & Galceran-Arellano, Samuel, 2019. "Integral approach to energy planning and electric grid assessment in a renewable energy technology integration for a 50/50 target applied to a small island," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 233, pages 524-543.
    13. Bertheau, Paul & Blechinger, Philipp, 2018. "Resilient solar energy island supply to support SDG7 on the Philippines: Techno-economic optimized electrification strategy for small islands," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 55-77.
    14. Majidi Nezhad, M. & Groppi, D. & Marzialetti, P. & Fusilli, L. & Laneve, G. & Cumo, F. & Garcia, D. Astiaso, 2019. "Wind energy potential analysis using Sentinel-1 satellite: A review and a case study on Mediterranean islands," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 499-513.
    15. Javier Mendoza-Vizcaino & Andreas Sumper & Samuel Galceran-Arellano, 2017. "PV, Wind and Storage Integration on Small Islands for the Fulfilment of the 50-50 Renewable Electricity Generation Target," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(6), pages 1-29, May.
    16. Liu, Jiahong & Mei, Chao & Wang, Hao & Shao, Weiwei & Xiang, Chenyao, 2018. "Powering an island system by renewable energy—A feasibility analysis in the Maldives," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 227(C), pages 18-27.
    17. Bénard-Sora, Fiona & Praene, Jean Philippe, 2018. "Sustainable urban planning for a successful energy transition on Reunion Island: From policy intentions to practical achievement," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 1-13.


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