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Hydraulics and salinity profile of pitcher irrigation in saline water condition

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  • Naik, B.S.
  • Panda, R.K.
  • Nayak, S.C.
  • Sharma, S.D.

Abstract

The hydraulics of pitcher irrigation in saline water condition was studied in laboratory conditions in terms of flow behaviour of pitcher, soil moisture distribution, wetting front advance and distribution of salt concentration in the soil using different pitcher making materials. The Pitcher Type 1 (PT1) made up of local soil and sand yielded the lowest mean hourly depletion ranging from 0.42 to 0.62% depending on salinity of the water used. It was followed by PT2 made up of local soil, sand and resinous material with a mean hourly depletion of 0.51-0.69% and PT3 with local soil, saw dust and sand with a mean hourly depletion of 0.91-1.02%. In all cases, with the increase in salinity level of the water used (ranging from 5 to 20 dS/m), the depletion rate and moisture content in the soil profile were found to decrease. Similarly, it was found that PT1 yielded the lowest wetting front advance and salt movement followed by PT2 and PT3. It was observed that the wetting front advance in the soil decreased with increasing salinity level of the water. The salt concentration in the soil was minimum near the pitcher and maximum at the soil surface and periphery of the wetted zone. In case of PT1, the maximum salt concentration in the soil profile ranged between 1.09 and 3.88 dS/m using water with a salinity ranging from 5 to 20 dS/m, respectively. Similarly, for PT2 the maximum salt concentration in the soil profile also ranged from 1.09 to 3.88 dS/m and for PT3 from 2.30 to 6.07 dS/m. A paired t-test revealed that the moisture as well as the salt distribution of PT3 differed significantly from PT1 and PT2 at [alpha] = 0.05. Even, if the salt concentration remained the same and the moisture content remained within field capacity for PT1 and PT2, PT1 is preferred in comparison to PT2 and PT3 as the pitcher material of PT1 is locally economically available.

Suggested Citation

  • Naik, B.S. & Panda, R.K. & Nayak, S.C. & Sharma, S.D., 2008. "Hydraulics and salinity profile of pitcher irrigation in saline water condition," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 95(10), pages 1129-1134, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:95:y:2008:i:10:p:1129-1134
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Batchelor, Charles & Lovell, Christopher & Murata, Monica, 1996. "Simple microirrigation techniques for improving irrigation efficiency on vegetable gardens," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 37-48, November.
    2. Abu-Zreig, Majed M. & Abe, Yukuo & Isoda, Hiroko, 2006. "The auto-regulative capability of pitcher irrigation system," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 85(3), pages 272-278, October.
    3. Bainbridge, David A., 2001. "Buried clay pot irrigation: a little known but very efficient traditional method of irrigation," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 79-88, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Naghedifar, Seyed Mohammadreza & Ziaei, Ali Naghi & Ansari, Hossein, 2018. "Simulation of irrigation return flow from a Triticale farm under sprinkler and furrow irrigation systems using experimental data: A case study in arid region," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 210(C), pages 185-197.

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