Optimal design of center pivot systems with water supplied from wells
Irrigation is one of the sectors in which energy consumption is increasing, mainly due to modernized systems designed to conserve water through the use of pressurized water distribution. Energy is one of the principle costs in irrigation. In this study, a new methodology is developed to determine the minimum total water application cost (investment+operation costs) in center pivot systems withdrawing water from wells. The proposed methodology optimizes the characteristic and efficiency curves for the pump as well as the types and diameters of pipes for pumping and distribution. In addition, the method accounts for hydrological variables (dynamic water table level and temporal variation), soil variables (infiltration parameters, surface storage capacity, surface impermeability), hydraulic variables (head losses in pipes, flow demand) and economic variables (energy costs, pump and pipe costs). In order to facilitate the technology transfer to managers and technicians, free software (DOP, “Diseño Optimo de Pivotes,” or Optimal Pivot Design) has been developed using MATLAB™. Results show that the best options are timing irrigation to avoid periods of high energy costs as well as increasing pumping power and pipe size, with a greater system capacity (1.5Ls−1ha−1), and shorter operation time (18hday−1). The minimum water application cost is obtained in all case studies in this paper for center pivot systems irrigating 75ha, with lateral pipes of 254mm (10in.).
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Jackson, Tamara M. & Khan, Shahbaz & Hafeez, Mohsin, 2010. "A comparative analysis of water application and energy consumption at the irrigated field level," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(10), pages 1477-1485, October.
- Ortega, J.F. & de Juan, J.A. & Tarjuelo, J.M., 2005. "Improving water management: The irrigation advisory service of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain)," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 77(1-3), pages 37-58, August.
- Ortega, J. F. & de Juan, J. A. & Tarjuelo, J. M., 2004. "Evaluation of the water cost effect on water resource management:: Application to typical crops in a semiarid region," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 125-144, April.
- Córcoles, J.I. & de Juan, J.A. & Ortega, J.F. & Tarjuelo, J.M. & Moreno, M.A., 2010. "Management evaluation of Water Users Associations using benchmarking techniques," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 98(1), pages 1-11, December.
- Ortíz, J.N. & Tarjuelo, J.M. & de Juan, J.A., 2009. "Characterisation of evaporation and drift losses with centre pivots," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(11), pages 1541-1546, November.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:107:y:2012:i:c:p:112-121. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Shamier, Wendy)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.