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Fluidez del mercado laboral y resultados en materia de empleo en Colombia: evidencia derivada de datos enlazados de empleadores y empleados

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  • Medina, Daniel
  • Morales, Leonardo Fabio

Abstract

La literatura sobre la flexibilidad de los mercados laborales también se relaciona con el concepto de fluidez entendida en un sentido amplio como la movilidad de trabajadores y empleos en el mercado laboral. Calculamos las mediciones estándar de fluidez del mercado laboral urbano de Colombia y el aumento de la fluidez, especialmente después de 2010. Los modelos de desempleo de equilibrio predicen, en general, una relación negativa entre algunas de las mediciones de la fluidez y la tasa de desempleo de equilibrio. La literatura reciente sobre flujos de trabajadores y empleos señala aspectos benignos de la fluidez, dado que se espera que en los mercados laborales fluidos la duración del desempleo sea en promedio más corta. Encontramos evidencias de un efecto positivo de la fluidez sobre los diferentes índices de empleo y ocupación, utilizando modelos de regresión de variables instrumentales que explotan las variaciones de resultados laborales y la fluidez entre mercados laborales y en el tiempo.

Suggested Citation

  • Medina, Daniel & Morales, Leonardo Fabio, 2019. "Fluidez del mercado laboral y resultados en materia de empleo en Colombia: evidencia derivada de datos enlazados de empleadores y empleados," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:44575
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    Cited by:

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    2. Brenda Samaniego de la Parra & Andrea Otero-Cortés & Leonardo Fabio Morales, 2021. "The Labor Market Effects of Part-Time Contributions to Social Security: Evidence from Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 19702, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    3. Luz A. Flórez & Leonardo Fabio Morales & Daniel Medina & José Lobo, 2021. "Labor flows across firm size, age, and economic sector in Colombia vs. the United States," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 57(3), pages 1569-1600, October.

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