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Asymmetric GARCH Value-at-Risk over MSCI in Financial Crisis


  • Han-Ching Huang

    (Department of Finance, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan City, Taiwan 32023, R.O.C,)

  • Yong-Chern Su

    (Department of Finance, National Taiwan University, Taiwan,)

  • Jen-Tien Tsui

    (Department of Finance, National Taiwan University, Taiwan.)


This paper uses four asymmetric generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) models, which are GJR-GARCH, NA-GARCH, Threshold GARCH (T-GARCH), and AV-GARCH to compare their performance on value-at-risk (VaR) forecasting to the symmetric GARCH model. In addition, we adopt four different mean equations which are autoregressive moving average (ARMA[1,1]), AR(1), MA(1), and “in-mean” to find out a more appropriate GARCH method in estimating VaR of MSCI World Index in financial crisis. We pick up 900 daily information of MSCI World Index from 2006 to 2009. We find that GARCH-in-mean (GARCHM[1,1]), MA-GARCHM(1,1), AR(1)-T-GARCHM(1,1), and ARMA(1,1)-TGARCHM( 1,1) outperform other models in terms of number of violations. ARMA(1,1)-T-GARCHM(1,1) performs the best in terms of mean violation range, mean violation percentage, aggregate violation range, aggregate violation percentage, and max violation range. Other than T-GARCH models, number of violations decrease by using in-mean or MA(1) mean equation. Generally speaking, the better the performance in terms of violation, the larger the capital requirement is needed.

Suggested Citation

  • Han-Ching Huang & Yong-Chern Su & Jen-Tien Tsui, 2015. "Asymmetric GARCH Value-at-Risk over MSCI in Financial Crisis," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 390-398.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2015-02-08

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim & Christoffersen, Peter F. & Diebold, Francis X., 2013. "Financial Risk Measurement for Financial Risk Management," Handbook of the Economics of Finance, in: G.M. Constantinides & M. Harris & R. M. Stulz (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of Finance, volume 2, chapter 0, pages 1127-1220, Elsevier.
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    More about this item


    Market Risk; Value-at-Risk; GARCH; MSCI; Financial Crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


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