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Price and quantity competition in network goods duopoly: a reversal result

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  • Rupayan Pal

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), India)

Abstract

This paper revisits the classic profit-ranking of Cournot and Bertrand equilibria and the issue of endogenous choice of strategic variables for product market competition, but for a network goods duopoly. It demonstrates that in the case of strong network externalities and imperfect-substitute goods (a) the classic profit-ranking is reversed - each firm earns higher profit under Bertrand competition than that under Cournot competition and (b) firms face a prisoners' dilemma type of situation while choosing between a price contract and a quantity contract and end up with Pareto inferior outcomes, unlike as in the case of standard non-network goods duopoly.

Suggested Citation

  • Rupayan Pal, 2014. "Price and quantity competition in network goods duopoly: a reversal result," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(2), pages 1019-1027.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-14-00189
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pal, Rupayan, 2015. "Cournot vs. Bertrand under relative performance delegation: Implications of positive and negative network externalities," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 94-101.
    2. Anomita Ghosh & Rupayan Pal, 2017. "Welfare Ranking of Alternative Export Taxes Revisited," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(2), pages 1033-1044.
    3. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2018. "Government-leading welfare-improving collusion," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 363-370.
    4. Marta Montinaro & Rupayan Pal & Marcella Scrimitore, 2020. "Per Unit and Ad Valorem Royalties in a Patent Licensing Game," Working Papers 2020.14, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    5. Shrivastav, Sumit, 2021. "Network compatibility, intensity of competition and process R&D: A generalization," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 152-163.
    6. Luciano Fanti & Nicola Meccheri, 2015. "On the Cournot–Bertrand Profit Differential and the Structure of Unionisation in a Managerial Duopoly," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(4), pages 266-287, December.
    7. Naskar, Mili & Pal, Rupayan, 2020. "Network externalities and process R&D: A Cournot–Bertrand comparison," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 51-58.
    8. Ryo Hashizume & Tatsuhiko Nariu, 2020. "Price and quantity competition with network externalities: Endogenous choice of strategic variables," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(6), pages 847-865, December.
    9. Jine Qian & Qiang Gong & Leonard F.S. Wang, 2021. "Corporate social responsibility, loan commitment, and social welfare in network duopoly," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 42(4), pages 952-960, June.
    10. Anomita Ghosh & Rupayan Pal, "undated". "Welfare ranking of alternative export tariffs revisited," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2015-009, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    11. Marcella Scrimitore, 2019. "Endogenizing managerial delegation: A new result under Nash bargaining and network effects," EERI Research Paper Series EERI RP 2019/15, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
    12. Tsuyoshi Toshimitsu, 2019. "Comment on “Price and quantity competition in network goods duopoly: A reversal resultâ€," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(3), pages 1855-1859.
    13. Anomita Ghosh & Rupayan Pal, 2014. "Strategic trade policy for network goods oligopolies," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2014-039, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    14. Tsuyoshi Toshimitsu, 2016. "Price and Quantity Competition in a Differentiated Duopoly With Network Compatibility Effects," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 67(4), pages 495-512, December.
    15. DongJoon Lee & Kangsik Choi & Tatsuhiko Nariu, 2020. "Endogenous vertical structure with network externalities," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(6), pages 827-846, December.
    16. Song, Ruichao & Wang, Leonard F.S., 2017. "Collusion in a differentiated duopoly with network externalities," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 152(C), pages 23-26.
    17. Kangsik Choi, 2019. "Price And Quantity Competition With Asymmetric Costs In A Mixed Duopoly: A Technical Note," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 71(1), pages 33-46, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Network externalities; Cournot; Bertrand; Profit ranking; Endogenous mode of competition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance

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