Returns to Education and the Mankiw-Romer-Weil result
Mankiw, Romer and Weil  found that, by adding a measure of school enrolment to capital and labour, a cross-country regression displays income convergence. However, their assumption that this derives from an augmented Solow model requires implausible differences in educational productivity across countries. By contrast, if educational productivity is constant, their fitted equation would be consistent with AK-type spillovers in goods production, but where educational costs damp growth. The MRW result suggests that endogenous growth theorists can be right about either technological spillovers or rising educational productivity, but not about both.
Volume (Year): 15 (2007)
Issue (Month): 24 ()
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- Romer, Paul M, 1986.
"Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
- Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
- Alwyn Young, 1995. "The Tyranny of Numbers: Confronting the Statistical Realities of the East Asian Growth Experience," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(3), pages 641-680.
- Temple, Jonathan, 1999. "A positive effect of human capital on growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 131-134, October.
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