Output, Electricity Consumption And Exports In Nigeria And Ghana: Evidence From Multivariate Causality Test
This paper investigated the causality relationship between electricity consumption and output performance in Nigeria and Ghana. We used annual data series from 1970 to 2006 to examine the causal relationship between output per worker, electricity consumption per worker, primary exports per worker, and capital per worker in a multivariate model for Nigeria and Ghana. Bounds testing approach for cointegration relationship and the Granger causality test due to Toda and Yamamoto (1995) and Dolado and Lutkepohl (1996) were employed. The results indicate no causality in Nigeria but there is causality only from output to electricity consumption in Ghana.
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Volume (Year): 11 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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- Stern, David I., 2000.
"A multivariate cointegration analysis of the role of energy in the US macroeconomy,"
Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 267-283, April.
- David I. Stern, 1998. "A multivariate cointegration analysis of the role of energy in the U.S. macroeconomy," Working Papers in Ecological Economics 9803, Australian National University, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Ecological Economics Program.
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