IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/diw/diwvjh/81-4-6.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Nachhaltige Innovationen in der Landwirtschaft: komplexe Herausforderungen im Innovationssystem

Author

Listed:
  • Bettina König
  • Anett Kuntosch
  • Wolfgang Bokelmann
  • Alexandra Doernberg
  • Wim Schwerdtner
  • Maria Busse
  • Rosemarie Siebert
  • Knut Koschatzky
  • Thomas Stahlecker

Abstract

Agricultural innovations are meant to master global challenges such as climate change. However, they are often subject to highly controversial societal debates, such as in the case of genetic engineering or certain forms of animal production. This paper provides insight in the extent to which these conflicts are rooted in the conditions and processes of agricultural innovation. We analyze the German agricultural innovation system from an adapted systems perspective and present three case studies. These case studies potentially contribute to solving current challenges and are influenced in their development process by different factors: different technologies, actors, links to other branches, overlapping frame conditions and current challenges as well as societal debates. The innovation system concept applied to different system levels provides insight into interrelationships and hence allows us to identify starting points for improvement. The explanation and potential solution in mastering the high expectations on agricultural innovation and societal debates the authors point to two aspects: 1) As it is in many other areas trust is an important basis for innovative collaboration in small networks. (2) At the same time innovation success depends on the incorporation of societal trends in innovation processes, e. g. via a greater involvement of consumers and retailers at an early stage. Overall, besides the balancing of continuity and openness of agricultural innovation networks, our results raise questions for the (self-)concept and design of the agricultural innovation system, for incentives and shaping of interdisciplinary collaboration as well as for the (self-)role model of the involved actors. Innovationen in der Landwirtschaft sollen dazu beitragen, künftige Herausforderungen wie den Klimawandel oder Ressourcenknappheit zu bewältigen. Zudem stehen sie im Zentrum gesellschaftlicher Debatten, wie etwa aktuell über die Gentechnik oder über bestimmte Tierhaltungsformen. Der Beitrag liefert unter anderem Hinweise, inwieweit Ursachen für diese Konflikte in den Rahmenbedingungen und im Ablauf von Innovationsprozessen in der Landwirtschaft begründet sind. Dazu wird das Innovationssystem der deutschen Landwirtschaft aus einer innovationssystemtheoretischen Perspektive heraus beleuchtet und mit empirischen Befunden zu Innovationshemmnissen belegt. Die in drei Fallstudien untersuchten Innovationen sollen jeweils einen Beitrag zur Bewältigung aktueller Herausforderungen leisten und sind in ihrem Entstehungsprozess durch mehrere Faktoren beeinflusst: verschiedene Technologien, vielfältige Akteure, Verbindungen in andere Branchen, sich überschneidende Rahmenbedingungen und aktuelle Herausforderungen sowie gesellschaftliche Diskurse. Dabei ermöglichen der verwendete Innovationssystemansatz und die empirische Untersuchung auf mehreren Ebenen, Einsicht in die Wechselwirkungen zu erlangen und somit Ansatzpunkte für Veränderungen zu erkennen. Die hohen Anforderungen an Innovationen in der Landwirtschaft und die gesellschaftlichen Akzeptanzdebatten lassen sich aus Sicht der Autoren anhand folgender Aspekte erklären und lösen: (1) Voraussetzung für Innovation ist das Vorhandensein einer Vertrauensbasis. Diese entsteht in der Landwirtschaft - und nicht nur dort - vorrangig in kleineren, längerfristigen Netzwerken. (2) Der Erfolg von Innovationen hängt stark davon ab, dass gesellschaftliche Anforderungen in die Innovationsprozesse inte- griert werden, zum Beispiel durch die frühzeitige Einbeziehung von Handel und Verbrauchern. Die Ergebnisse werfen über diese Balance von Kontinuität und Offenheit von landwirtschaftlichen Innovationsnetzwerken hinaus Fragen nach dem (Selbst-)Verständnis und der Gestaltung des Innovationssystems, der Anreize und Gestaltung interdisziplinärer Zusammenarbeit sowie dem Rollenverständnis der Akteure auf.

Suggested Citation

  • Bettina König & Anett Kuntosch & Wolfgang Bokelmann & Alexandra Doernberg & Wim Schwerdtner & Maria Busse & Rosemarie Siebert & Knut Koschatzky & Thomas Stahlecker, 2012. "Nachhaltige Innovationen in der Landwirtschaft: komplexe Herausforderungen im Innovationssystem," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(4), pages 71-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-4-6
    DOI: 10.3790/vjh.81.4.71
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3790/vjh.81.4.71
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Malerba, Franco, 2002. "Sectoral systems of innovation and production," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 247-264, February.
    2. Bengt-Åke Lundvall & K. J. Joseph & Cristina Chaminade & Jan Vang (ed.), 2009. "Handbook of Innovation Systems and Developing Countries," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12943.
    3. Geels, Frank W., 2004. "From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: Insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(6-7), pages 897-920, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Pradeep Racherla & Munir Mandviwalla, 2013. "Moving from Access to Use of the Information Infrastructure: A Multilevel Sociotechnical Framework," Information Systems Research, INFORMS, vol. 24(3), pages 709-730, September.
    2. Islam, Md. Mofakkarul & Renwick, Alan W. & Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa & Klerkx, Laurens, 2012. "Dynamics of Innovation in Livestock Genetics in Scotland: An Agricultural Innovation Systems Perspective," 131st Seminar, September 18-19, 2012, Prague, Czech Republic 135769, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Ghazinoory, Sepehr & Nasri, Shohreh & Ameri, Fatemeh & Montazer, Gholam Ali & Shayan, Ali, 2020. "Why do we need ‘Problem-oriented Innovation System (PIS)’ for solving macro-level societal problems?," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 150(C).
    4. Markard, Jochen & Truffer, Bernhard, 2008. "Technological innovation systems and the multi-level perspective: Towards an integrated framework," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 596-615, May.
    5. Erlinghagen, Sabine & Markard, Jochen, 2012. "Smart grids and the transformation of the electricity sector: ICT firms as potential catalysts for sectoral change," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 895-906.
    6. Mark A. Phillips & Jagjit Singh Srai, 2018. "Exploring Emerging Ecosystem Boundaries: Defining ‘The Game’," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 22(08), pages 1-21, December.
    7. Fuchs, Gerhard & Hinderer, Nele & Kungl, Gregor & Neukirch, Mario, 2012. "Adaptive capacities, path creation and variants of sectoral change: The case of the transformation of the German energy supply system," Research Contributions to Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies, SOI Discussion Papers 2012-02, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Social Sciences, Department of Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies.
    8. Fuenfschilling, Lea & Binz, Christian, 2018. "Global socio-technical regimes," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(4), pages 735-749.
    9. Gita Ghiasi & Vincent Larivière, 2015. "Sectoral systems of innovation: the case of robotics research activities," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 104(2), pages 407-424, August.
    10. Rakas, Marija & Hain, Daniel S., 2019. "The state of innovation system research: What happens beneath the surface?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(9), pages 1-1.
    11. Kirsi Hyttinen & Sampsa Ruutu & Mika Nieminen & Faiz Gallouj & Marja Toivonen, 2014. "A system dynamic and multi-criteria evaluation of innovations in environmental services," ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2014(3), pages 29-52.
    12. Diana Suárez & Gabriel Yoguel & Verónica Robert & Florencia Barletta, 2014. "The Argentinean system of innovation: micro determinants and meso–macro disarticulation," Chapters, in: Gabriela Dutrénit & Judith Sutz (ed.), National Innovation Systems, Social Inclusion and Development, chapter 4, pages 102-132, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    13. Di Stefano, Giada & Gambardella, Alfonso & Verona, Gianmario, 2012. "Technology push and demand pull perspectives in innovation studies: Current findings and future research directions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(8), pages 1283-1295.
    14. Binz, Christian & Truffer, Bernhard, 2017. "Global Innovation Systems—A conceptual framework for innovation dynamics in transnational contexts," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1284-1298.
    15. Dolata, Ulrich, 2007. "Technik und sektoraler Wandel: Technologische Eingriffstiefe, sektorale Adaptionsfähigkeit und soziotechnische Transformationsmuster," MPIfG Discussion Paper 07/3, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    16. Iris Claus & Les Oxley & Peilei Fan, 2014. "Innovation In China," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(4), pages 725-745, September.
    17. Bergek, Anna & Jacobsson, Staffan & Carlsson, Bo & Lindmark, Sven & Rickne, Annika, 2008. "Analyzing the functional dynamics of technological innovation systems: A scheme of analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 407-429, April.
    18. Sumberg, James, 2005. "Systems of innovation theory and the changing architecture of agricultural research in Africa," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 21-41, February.
    19. Andrew James, 2009. "Organisational change and innovation system dynamics: the reform of the UK government defence research establishments," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(5), pages 505-523, October.
    20. Hensengerth, Oliver, 2018. "South-South technology transfer: Who benefits? A case study of the Chinese-built Bui dam in Ghana," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 499-507.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agricultural innovation policy; innovation mechanism; precision farming; animal monitoring; energy in horticulture;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P48 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-4-6. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/diwbede.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.