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Formen des politischen Terrorismus: ein Plädoyer für eine Differentialdiagnose

Listed author(s):
  • Ekkart Zimmermann
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    The aim of the present article is to derive a more precise definition of political terrorism based on a minimal set of criteria (part 1). In part 2 typologies of violence are at issue with an emphasis on sub-state groups and political terrorism. Thereafter (part 3) a multi-level causal model is developed. This model emphasizes different levels of explanation, from the individual level via the group level and the state level to the global level. Also a few examples of causal relationships to be derived from such a model are given. Part 4 deals with some political conclusions to be obtained from more disaggregated analyses of political terrorism and the impact such analyses might have on terrorism research. The author strongly pleads for breaking down cross-national datasets according to type of terrorism and for paying more attention to the specific characteristics of different forms of political terrorism, both in analysis and in reacting to it. Ziel dieses Beitrag ist die Herausarbeitung einer präziseren Definition des Terrorismus anhand eines Minimalsatzes an Kriterien (Teil 1). Sodann werden verschiedene Typologien des Terrorismus diskutiert, mit Schwerpunkt auf substaatlichem politischem Terrorismus (Teil 2). Anschließend wird ein Kausalmodell des Terrorismus auf vier Erklärungsebenen entwickelt, von der individuellen über die Gruppen- und Organisationsebene bis zur staatlichen und globalen Ebene. Kausale Zusammenhänge zwischen den einzelnen Ebenen werden erörtert (Teil 3). Einige Folgerungen aus einer solchen Differenzierung der Formen des politischen Terrorismus und unterschiedlicher Erklärungsebenen für "angemessene" Reaktionen auf die jeweilige Form des Terrorismus wie auch die Terrorismusforschung allgemein werden abschließend (Teil 4) behandelt. Der Autor spricht sich für eine stärkere Disaggregierung der internationalen Datensätze nach den unterschiedlichen Formen des politischen Terrorismus aus. Dies hat deutliche Folgen für die empirische Theoriebildung wie auch politische Antwortmuster.

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    Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

    Volume (Year): 78 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 11-28

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    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:78-4-2
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    1. Peter Hilsenrath, 2005. "Health Policy As Counter-Terrorism: Health Services And The Palestinians," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(5), pages 365-374.
    2. Bruno S. Frey, 2004. "Dealing with Terrorism – Stick or Carrot?," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3435.
    3. Easton, David, 1975. "A Re-assessment of the Concept of Political Support," British Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(04), pages 435-457, October.
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