L’impact de l’affectation du free cash flow sur la création de valeur actionnariale : le cas de la politique d’endettement et de dividendes des entreprises françaises cotées
(VF)Selon la théorie du free cash flow, l’endettement, tout comme la distribution de dividendes, en réduisant le free cash flow, permettraient de limiter le pouvoir discrétionnaire des dirigeants, et contribueraient à la création de valeur actionnariale. Cette théorie est infirmée par cette recherche selon laquelle l’affectation du free cash flow au service du remboursement de la dette exerce une influence négative, statistiquement significative, sur la richesse des actionnaires. Dans le même temps, l’impact d’un réinvestissement des fonds discrétionnaires sous forme de distribution de dividendes n’est pas décelable.(VA) Theory states that managers of low growth/high free cash flow firms engage in non-value-maximizing activities. Jensen (1986) argues debt, like dividends, mitigate the non-value-maximizing activities by reducing the level of free cash flow and hence contribute to shareholder value. However, this research shows that the payout of cash flow in excess, either in the form of debt service, or in the form of dividends, has no positive influence on shareholder value. These conclusions would thus infirm the implications of Jensen’s hypothesis.
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