The contribution of smoking to regional mortality differences in the Netherlands
We quantify the effect of smoking on Dutch all-cause mortality differences between 40 NUTS-3 regions by mapping, correlating, and decomposing regional variance in age-standardised all-cause mortality, smoking-attributable mortality, smoking- and non-smoking-related mortality. Smoking and consequently smoking-related mortality clearly contribute to the significant regional differences in all-cause mortality, especially among males. Smoking-attributable mortality, which ranged from 22 to 30% among males and 7 to 14% among females, correlated significantly with all-cause mortality, especially for males. Excluding smoking-related mortality the variance declined. The variance in smoking-related mortality contributed 39% of the variance in all-cause mortality among males and 30 % among females.
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- Kunst, A.E. & Looman, C.W.N. & Mackenbach, J.P., 1990. "Socio-economic mortality differences in the Netherlands in 1950-1984: A regional study of cause-specific mortality," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 141-152, January.
- Brian Rostron, 2010. "A modified new method for estimating smoking-attributable mortality in high-income countries," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 23(14), pages 399-420, August.
- Brian Rostron & John Wilmoth, 2011. "Estimating the Effect of Smoking on Slowdowns in Mortality Declines in Developed Countries," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 48(2), pages 461-479, May.
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