Regional family cultures and child care by grandparents in Europe
Europe is characterized by regional diversity in family life. Using the European Social Survey, this paper scores subnational regions of 23 European countries on four dimensions of family culture, rather than classifying countries in a limited number of categories. We use these indicators in a multilevel analysis of the use of grandparents as the main source of child care. Results clearly show that the reliance on grandparental child care is not only subject to the supply of formal child care but also influenced by regional family cultures. We find that it is the regional cultural climate that matters rather than the individual attitude.
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