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Factores socioeconómicos asociados al trabajo infantil y la asistencia escolar en Colombia

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  • Alexandra Cortés Aguilar

    ()

  • Ismael Estrada Cañas

    ()

  • Isaac Guerrero Rincón

    ()

Abstract

Este artículo analiza los determinantes socioeconómicos del trabajo infantil en Colombia, teniendo en cuenta la interrelación entre trabajo infantil y asistencia escolar. A partir de la Encuesta Nacional de Trabajo Infantil de 2011, se estiman tres modelos probit bivariados (rural, urbano y total) en los que las decisiones de trabajo y estudio de los menores están explicadas por factores individuales, familiares y del entorno social. Los resultados validan el axioma de sustitución e indican la existencia de un trade-off entre trabajo infantil y asistencia escolar. Asimismo, se demuestra que el fenómeno es más persistente en contra de los niños en zonas rurales y se establece que el bienestar de los menores disminuye cuando sus padres son muy jóvenes.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandra Cortés Aguilar & Ismael Estrada Cañas & Isaac Guerrero Rincón, 2017. "Factores socioeconómicos asociados al trabajo infantil y la asistencia escolar en Colombia," Revista Finanzas y Política Económica, Universidad Católica de Colombia, vol. 10(1), pages 135-151, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000443:016388
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    File URL: http://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/ojsucatolica/revistas_ucatolica/index.php/RFYPE/article/view/1366
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Basu, Kaushik & Das, Sanghamitra & Dutta, Bhaskar, 2010. "Child labor and household wealth: Theory and empirical evidence of an inverted-U," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 8-14, January.
    2. Jean-Marie Baland & James A. Robinson, 2000. "Is Child Labor Inefficient?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(4), pages 663-679, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    trabajo infantil; escolaridad; ingreso de los hogares; condiciones sociales; Organización Internacional del Trabajo.;

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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