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Introducción a la evaluación realista y sus métodos: ¿Qué funciona, para quién, en qué aspectos, hasta qué punto, en qué contexto y cómo?


  • Juan David Parra


Este artículo introduce la Evaluación Realista (ER) para el análisis de políticas públicas. La ER encuentra justificación en las limitaciones de prácticas dominantes, como las técnicas de evaluación de impacto, para ofrecer explicaciones sobre el por qué una intervención o programa tuvo (o no) resultado. La noción de cambio o transformación de la ER se centra en el estudio contextual de la agencia humana, o la forma en que individuos y colectividades actúan frente a intervenciones públicas o privadas. El texto se adentra en propuestas metodológicas para el despliegue de una ER en la práctica, tarea que implicará un trabajo interdisciplinario para refinar diferentes teorías sobre qué funciona, para quién, en qué aspectos, hasta qué punto, en qué contexto y cómo. La introducción del texto incluye una breve discusión sobre el potencial de una propuesta metodológica de este tipo para fortalecer el diseno y la implementación de iniciativas de política que respondan de manera más oportuna a las necesidades de una sociedad que se perfila para una era de postconflicto.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan David Parra, 2017. "Introducción a la evaluación realista y sus métodos: ¿Qué funciona, para quién, en qué aspectos, hasta qué punto, en qué contexto y cómo?," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 11(2), pages 11-44, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000411:016070

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sridharan, Sanjeev & Nakaima, April, 2011. "Ten steps to making evaluation matter," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 135-146, May.
    2. Martha A. Starr, 2014. "Qualitative And Mixed-Methods Research In Economics: Surprising Growth, Promising Future," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(2), pages 238-264, April.
    3. Parra Heredia Juan David, 2016. "Realismo crítico: una alternativa en el análisis social," Revista Sociedad y Economía, Universidad del Valle, CIDSE, issue 31, pages 11-286, May.
    4. Justino, Patricia & Bruck, Tilman & Verwimp, Philip (ed.), 2013. "A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199664597.
    5. Carlos Bozzoli & Tilman Brück & Nina Wald, 2013. "Evaluating programmes in conflict-affected areas," HiCN Working Papers 142, Households in Conflict Network.
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    More about this item


    Evaluación realista; políticas públicas; teoría del cambio del programa; agencia humana;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
    • Y20 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Introductions and Prefaces - - - Introductions and Prefaces
    • Y80 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Related Disciplines - - - Related Disciplines
    • Z18 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Public Policy


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