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Elasticidad precio de la demanda por autopistas interurbanas en Chile

Author

Listed:
  • Saens, Rodrigo
  • Lobos, Germán

Abstract

RESUMEN: La efectividad de un esquema de tarificación vial para optimizar el uso de infraestructura de transporte depende de la información que se disponga respecto a la elasticidad precio de la demanda por el uso de puentes, túneles y carreteras. El objetivo de este trabajo es estimar la elasticidad precio de la demanda por el uso de autopistas interurbanas en Chile utilizando el método de regresiones aparentemente no relacionadas (SUR) y un panel de 48 datos mensuales obtenidos a partir de 21 plazas de peajes (48 x 21). Nuestros resultados muestran que, aún controlando por el precio de la gasolina y el nivel de actividad económica, la demanda por el uso de carreteras resulta ser muy inelástica al precio del peaje, con valores que oscilan entre -0,17 para automóviles y -0,05 para camiones.

Suggested Citation

  • Saens, Rodrigo & Lobos, Germán, 2013. "Elasticidad precio de la demanda por autopistas interurbanas en Chile," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, issue 79, pages 143-170, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000174:014749
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    File URL: http://aprendeenlinea.udea.edu.co/revistas/index.php/lecturasdeeconomia/article/download/17951/15409
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    elasticidad precio de demanda por autopistas; tarificación vial; autopistas concesionadas;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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