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The Dividend Tax Credit and Canadian Ownership Objectives

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  • Laurence Booth

Abstract

This paper discusses the role of the dividend tax credit in determining the Canadian ownership pattern of Canadian industry. The analytic tool used is the capital-asset pricing model extended to include differential taxation of dividen ds and capital-gains income across different countries. The paper finds that changes in the dividend tax credit will have a differential impact on Canadian ownership, depending on sectoral differences in dividend yields and variances of rates of return, and the correlation structure. Empirical simulation of the model suggests that the effects are significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurence Booth, 1987. "The Dividend Tax Credit and Canadian Ownership Objectives," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 20(2), pages 321-339, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:20:y:1987:i:2:p:321-39
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gibson, William E, 1972. "Interest Rates and Inflationary Expectations: New Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(5), pages 854-865, December.
    2. Garbade, Kenneth & Wachtel, Paul, 1978. "Time variation in the relationship between inflation and interest rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 755-765, November.
    3. Hansen, Lars Peter & Hodrick, Robert J, 1980. "Forward Exchange Rates as Optimal Predictors of Future Spot Rates: An Econometric Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(5), pages 829-853, October.
    4. Cumby, Robert E & Obstfeld, Maurice, 1981. "A Note on Exchange-Rate Expectations and Nominal Interest Differentials: A Test of the Fisher Hypothesis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 36(3), pages 697-703, June.
    5. Pearce, Douglas K, 1979. "Comparing Survey and Rational Measures of Expected Inflation: Forecast Performance and Interest Rate Effects," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 11(4), pages 447-456, November.
    6. Hess, Patrick J. & Bicksler, James L., 1975. "Capital asset prices versus time series models as predictors of inflation: The expected real rate of interest and market efficiency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 341-360, December.
    7. Fama, Eugene F, 1970. "Efficient Capital Markets: A Review of Theory and Empirical Work," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 25(2), pages 383-417, May.
    8. Nelson, Charles R & Schwert, G William, 1977. "Short-Term Interest Rates as Predictors of Inflation: On Testing the Hypothesis That the Real Rate of Interest is Constant," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 478-486, June.
    9. Lahiri, Kajal, 1976. "Inflationary Expectations: Their Formation and Interest Rate Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(1), pages 124-131, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Demirguc-Kunt, Ash & Huizinga, Harry, 1995. "Barriers to portfolio investments in emerging stock markets," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 355-374, August.
    2. Michel Normandin, 1999. "The Integration of Financial Markets and the Conduct of Monetary Policies: The Case of Canada and the United States," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 67, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal.
    3. Mittoo, Usha R., 2003. "Globalization and the value of US listing: Revisiting Canadian evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(9), pages 1629-1661, September.
    4. Mishra, Anil V. & Ratti, Ronald A., 2014. "Taxation of domestic dividend income and foreign investment holdings," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 218-231.
    5. Mishra, Anil V., 2014. "Australia's home bias and cross border taxation," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 108-123.
    6. George H. Pink, 1989. "Government Restriction on Foreign Investment by Pension Funds: An Empirical Evaluation," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 15(3), pages 300-312, September.
    7. Demirguc-Kunt, A. & Huizinga, H.P., 1993. "Barriers to portfolio investments in emerging stock markets (Revised)," Discussion Paper 1993-41, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    8. Michel Normandin, 2004. "Canadian and U.S. financial markets: testing the international integration hypothesis under time-varying conditional volatility," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1021-1041, November.
    9. Mishra, Anil V. & Ratti, Ronald A., 2013. "Home bias and cross border taxation," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 169-193.
    10. repec:clh:resear:v:8:y:2015:i:18 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Susan E. K. Christoffersen & Christopher C. Geczy & David K. Musto & Adam V. Reed, 2004. "Do Shareholders' Preferences Affect their Funds' Management? Evidence from the Cross Section of Shareholders and Funds," CIRANO Working Papers 2004s-22, CIRANO.
    12. Klein, Peter, 2001. "The capital gain lock-in effect and long-horizon return reversal," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 33-62, January.
    13. repec:eee:finana:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:54-68 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Christoffersen, Susan E. K. & Geczy, Christopher C. & Musto, David K. & Reed, Adam V., 2003. "The Limits to Dividend Arbitrage: Implications for Cross-Border Investment," Working Papers 03-2, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
    15. Christoffersen, Susan E.K. & Geczy, Christopher C. & Musto, David K. & Reed, Adam V., 2005. "Crossborder dividend taxation and the preferences of taxable and nontaxable investors: Evidence from Canada," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 121-144, October.
    16. Klein, Peter, 1998. "The capital gain lock-in effect with short sales constraints," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(12), pages 1533-1558, December.
    17. Robert Faff & David Hillier & Justin Wood, 2000. "Beta and Return: Implications of Australia's Dividend Imputation Tax System," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 25(3), pages 245-260, December.
    18. repec:eee:glofin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS

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