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Die Auswirkungen der EU-Osterweiterung auf die Direktinvestitionen und deren Rückwirkungen

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  • Peter Nunnenkamp

Abstract

Der Abbau von Marktschranken - und damit auch die EU-Osterweiterung - bedingt eine Restrukturierung von Produktion und Beschäftigung in den beteiligten Ländern. Dieser Strukturwandel verursacht Anpassungskosten, die vor allen Dingen in Produktionszweigen und Beschäftigungsgruppen anfallen, die bei integrierten Märkten ihre internationale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit verlieren. Dennoch sind die verbreiteten Ängste vor der EU-Osterweiterung übertrieben. Dr. Peter Nunnenkamp, Institut für Weltwirtschaft an der Universität Kiel, zeigt in diesem Beitrag, dass ihre Auswirkungen auf die Direktinvestitionen der jetzigen EU-Länder in den Beitrittsländern schwächer ausfallen dürften, als vielfach erwartet wird. Zum einen ist der Höchststand der Direktinvestitionen überschritten, zum anderen handelt es sich häufig um zusätzliche Investitionen, die nicht auf Kosten der heimischen Exporte und Arbeitsplätze gehen

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Nunnenkamp, 2002. "Die Auswirkungen der EU-Osterweiterung auf die Direktinvestitionen und deren Rückwirkungen," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(11), pages 13-19, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:55:y:2002:i:11:p:13-19
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Diehl, Markus, 2001. "International Trade in Intermediate Inputs: The Case of the Automobile Industry," Kiel Working Papers 1027, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2001. "Structural change and economic performance in the era of globalization: some evidence from industrial and developing countries," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 3034, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Paul Brenton & Francesca Di Mauro & Matthias Lücke, 1999. "Economic Integration and FDI: An Empirical Analysis of Foreign Investment in the EU and in Central and Eastern Europe," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 95-121, June.
    5. Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2001. "European FDI strategies in Mercosur countries," Kiel Working Papers 1047, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    6. Hiemenz, Ulrich (Ed.) & Gundlach, Erich (Ed.), 1994. "Regional integration in Europe and its effects on developing countries," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 794, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nadja Walch & Julia Wörz, 2012. "The Impact of Country Risk Ratings and of the Status of EU Integration on FDI Inflows in CESEE Countries," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 8-26.
    2. Christian Bellak, 2004. "The Impact of Enlargement on the Race for FDI," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp086, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    3. Grömling, Michael & Römer, Christof, 2004. "Die Wirtschaftsbeziehungen Deutschlands mit Mittel- und Osteuropa," IW-Trends – Vierteljahresschrift zur empirischen Wirtschaftsforschung, Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln (IW) / Cologne Institute for Economic Research, vol. 31(1), pages 9-14.
    4. Jost, Thomas & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2002. "Bestimmungsgründe deutscher Direktinvestitionen in Entwicklungs- und Reformländern: hat sich wirklich etwas verändert?," Kiel Working Papers 1124, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    5. Wolfgang Gerstenberger & Klaus-Heiner Röhl & Heinz Schmalholz & Andrea Szalavetz & Michaela Fuchs, 2003. "Analyse der außenwirtschaftlichen Beziehungen zwischen Ungarn und Sachsen/Ostdeutschland : Kooperationspotenziale im Bereich der Informations- und Kommunikationswirtschaft ; Gutachten im Auftrag des S," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 34, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU-Erweiterung; Osteuropa; Direktinvestition; Strukturwandel; EU-Staaten;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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