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Universitäten als regionale Förderer der Wirtschaft?

Author

Listed:
  • David B. Audretsch
  • Lehmann Erik E.

Abstract

In diesem Beitrag werden mögliche Einflussfaktoren auf die Standortentscheidung von Unternehmen in der Umgebung von Universitäten aufgezeigt. Dabei wird auf Studien zurückgegriffen, die anhand der am Neuen Markt gelisteten Unternehmen durchgeführt wurden. Als wesentliche Einflussfaktoren auf die Ansiedlung von Unternehmen in räumlicher Nähe zu Universitäten erweisen sich die Anzahl der Studenten sowie die Forschungsleistungen, vor allem im Bereich der Naturwissenschaften. Zudem macht sich für Unternehmen die räumliche Nähe zu einer forschungsintensiven Universität längerfristig in einer überdurchschnittlichen Entwicklung am Aktienmarkt bezahlt.

Suggested Citation

  • David B. Audretsch & Lehmann Erik E., 2004. "Universitäten als regionale Förderer der Wirtschaft?," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 11(03), pages 18-23, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:11:y:2004:i:03:p:18-23
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/ifodb_2004_3_18-23.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
    2. David Audretsch & Erik Lehmann, 2006. "Do locational spillovers pay? empirical evidence from German IPO data," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 71-81.
    3. David Audretsch & Erik Lehmann & Susanne Warning, 2004. "University Spillovers: Does the Kind of Science Matter?," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 193-206.
    4. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-970, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Beate Henschel & Carsten Pohl, 2004. "Auswirkungen des demographischen Wandels auf den Arbeitsmarkt in Sachsen : Analyse und Gegenstrategien," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 11(03), pages 05-17, June.
    2. Daniel Schiller & Javier Revilla Diez, 2010. "Local embeddedness of knowledge spillover agents: Empirical evidence from German star scientists," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(2), pages 275-294, June.
    3. Daniela Rother, 2007. "Zukunft des Studienplatzangebots ostdeutscher Hochschulen," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 14(01), pages 37-40, 02.
    4. Michael Berlemann & Jane Tilgner, 2006. "Determinanten der Standortwahl von Unternehmen : ein Literaturüberblick," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(06), pages 14-24, December.
    5. Alexander Ebertz & Mandy Kriese & Marcel Thum & Helke Seitz, 2008. "Bewertung von lokalen Standortfaktoren für Haushalte und Unternehmen in Sachsen: Entwicklung von Indikatoren zur Überprüfung der Demographietauglichkeit von Förderprojekten der Sächsischen Aufbaubank:," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 46.
    6. Hülsbeck, Marcel & Lehmann, Erik E., 2010. "The role of regional knowledge production in university technology transfer: Isolating coevolutionary effects," UO Working Papers 01-10, University of Augsburg, Chair of Management and Organization.
    7. Michael Berlemann & Sabine Engelmann & Matthias Göthel & Beate Henschel & Carsten Pohl & Joachim Ragnitz & Heinz Schmalholz, 2008. "Die neuen Bundesländer im internationalen Standortvergleich," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 43.
    8. Beate Henschel & Carsten Pohl, 2004. "Die Auswirkungen des demographischen Wandels auf den Arbeitsmarkt in Sachsen – Analyse und Gegenstrategien," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 57(14), pages 05-14, July.
    9. Stefan Arent & Alexander Eck & Oskar Krohmer & Robert Lehmann & Wolfgang Nagl & Joachim Ragnitz & Marcel Thum, 2011. "Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung Sachsens im Ländervergleich: Bestandsaufnahme und Perspektiven: Gutachten im Auftrag der Sächsischen Staatskanzlei," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 59.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wirtschaftsförderung; Regionalpolitik; Hochschule; Forschungskooperation; Betriebliche Standortwahl; Standortfaktor;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General

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