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Laggards No More: The Changed Socioeconomic Status of Francophones in Quebec

Author

Listed:
  • Francois Vaillancourt

    (l'University de Montreal)

  • Dominique Lemay

    (Tecsalt)

  • Luc Vaillancourt

    (McGill University)

Abstract

The economic returns to knowing French in the Quebec labour market have increased steadily since 1970, while the returns to knowing English have decreased. The ability to speak both English and French has increased the earnings of anglophone men since 1980 and anglophone women since 1990, while the returns to bilingualism for francophone men and women remain positive. The health state of the French language in Quebec is also evident in the impressive growth in ownership of Quebec's economy by francophone firms, from 47 percent to 67 percent since the early 1960s.

Suggested Citation

  • Francois Vaillancourt & Dominique Lemay & Luc Vaillancourt, 2007. "Laggards No More: The Changed Socioeconomic Status of Francophones in Quebec," C.D. Howe Institute Backgrounder, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 103, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdh:backgr:103
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    File URL: https://www.cdhowe.org/public-policy-research/laggards-no-more-changed-socioeconomic-status-francophones-quebec
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Serge Nadeau, 2009. "Another Look at the Francophone Wage Gap in Canada:Public vs Private Sector, Quebec vs Outside Quebec," Working Papers 0912E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
    2. David Albouy, 2008. "The Wage Gap between Francophones and Anglophones: A Canadian Perspective, 1970 to 2000," NBER Working Papers 14203, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Sui, Sui & Morgan, Horatio M. & Baum, Matthias, 2015. "Internationalization of immigrant-owned SMEs: The role of language," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 804-814.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    social policy; francophone socioeconomic status;

    JEL classification:

    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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