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Another Look at the Francophone Wage Gap in Canada:Public vs Private Sector, Quebec vs Outside Quebec

Author

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  • Serge Nadeau

    () (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON)

Abstract

Using a variant of the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method, I find no evidence that, outside Quebec, there was at any point in time between 1970 and 2000, a labour market advantage for Anglophones that cannot be explained by a higher relative demand for English skills, whether in the public sector or the private sector. However, I find that in Quebec’s public sector, between 1970 and 2000, Francophones enjoyed a wage premium that may have gone beyond language skill considerations and that I cannot explain. Such a premium also appears to have been present in Quebec’s private sector in 2000.

Suggested Citation

  • Serge Nadeau, 2009. "Another Look at the Francophone Wage Gap in Canada:Public vs Private Sector, Quebec vs Outside Quebec," Working Papers 0912E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:0912e
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    File URL: http://sciencessociales.uottawa.ca/economics/sites/socialsciences.uottawa.ca.economics/files/0912E.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mueller, Richard E., 1998. "Public-private sector wage differentials in Canada: evidence from quantile regressions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 229-235, August.
    2. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
    3. Morley Gunderson, 1979. "Earnings Differentials between the Public and Private Sectors," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 12(2), pages 228-242, May.
    4. Charles F. Manski, 1989. "Anatomy of the Selection Problem," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(3), pages 343-360.
    5. Francois Vaillancourt & Dominique Lemay & Luc Vaillancourt, 2007. "Laggards No More: The Changed Socioeconomic Status of Francophones in Quebec," C.D. Howe Institute Backgrounder, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 103, August.
    6. Grenier, G, 1996. "Linguistic and Economic Characteristics of Francophone Minorities in Canada: A Comparison of Ontario and New Brunswick," Working Papers 96010e, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2011. "English as the Lingua Franca and the Economic Value of Other Languages: the Case of the Language of Work of Immigrants and Non-immigrants in the Montreal Labour Market," Working Papers 1107E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Francophone-Anglophone wage differential; return to language skills; discrimination;

    JEL classification:

    • J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General

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