IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Role of Temperature in Economic Exchange - An Empirical Analysis


  • Bojan Dimitrijević

    (Faculty of Business in Service, EDUCONS University)

  • Ivan Lovre

    (Faculty of Business in Service, EDUCONS University)


As a synthesis of economics and physics and an attempt to apply the methods and models of statistical physics to economics, econophysics is presently a new, growing and very dynamic branch of modern science. Therefore, the subject of this paper is to analyse the relationship and interdependence between thermodynamics and economics, and it aims to show similarities, analogies and correspondence between the main categories, methods and models of thermodynamics on one hand, and economics on the other. The paper analyses the relation between economics and thermodynamics, as well as the probability distribution in the kinetic theory of gases corresponding to money, income and wealth distribution, connects entropy with utility and the principle of operation of the thermal engine with economic exchange. The final part of the paper empirically analyzes temperature differences in the exchange between Serbia and the selected EU countries. There are differences in temperature between Serbia and the group of selected countries. Results of the empirical analysis shows that the exchange between countries is based on principles of thermodynamics and that developed countries generate more profits and benefits from exchange.

Suggested Citation

  • Bojan Dimitrijević & Ivan Lovre, 2015. "The Role of Temperature in Economic Exchange - An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 4(3), pages 65-89.
  • Handle: RePEc:cbk:journl:v:4:y:2015:i:3:p:65-89

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:cbk:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:3:p:111-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Christophe Schinckus, 2011. "What can econophysics contribute to financial economics?," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 58(2), pages 147-163, June.
    3. Eugene F. Fama, 1965. "Portfolio Analysis in a Stable Paretian Market," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 11(3), pages 404-419, January.
    4. Bojan Dimitrijević & Ivan Lovre, 2013. "Essay on Monetary Policy and Economic Growth," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 2(1), pages 111-138.
    5. Gingras, Y. & Schinckus, C., 2012. "The Institutionalization Of Econophysics In The Shadow Of Physics," Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(1), pages 109-130, March.
    6. John Bryant, 2010. "A Thermodynamic Approach to Monetary Economics. A Revision. An application to the UK Economy 1969-2006 and the USA Economy 1966-2006," Working Papers ten5a2010, Economic Consultancy, Vocat International.
    7. John Bryant, 2012. "Thermoeconomics - A Thermodynamic Approach to Economics (Third edition)," Books, Economic Consultancy, Vocat International, edition 0, number tebp2012, July.
    8. Victor M. Yakovenko & J. Barkley Rosser, 2009. "Colloquium: Statistical mechanics of money, wealth, and income," Papers 0905.1518,, revised Dec 2009.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    RePEc Biblio mentions

    As found on the RePEc Biblio, the curated bibliography for Economics:
    1. > Schools of Economic Thought, Epistemology of Economics > Heterodox Approaches > Thermoeconomics

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Pirvu Daniela & Barbuceanu Mircea, 2016. "Recent Contributions Of The Statistical Physics In The Research Of Banking, Stock Exchange And Foreign Exchange Markets," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 2, pages 85-92, April.
    2. Jovanovic, Franck & Schinckus, Christophe, 2017. "Econophysics and Financial Economics: An Emerging Dialogue," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780190205034, Decembrie.
    3. Robert Gk{e}barowski & Stanis{l}aw Dro.zd.z & Andrzej Z. G'orski & Pawe{l} O'swik{e}cimka, 2014. "Competition of Commodities for the Status of Money in an Agent-based Model," Papers 1412.2124,
    4. Christian Walter, 2005. "La gestion indicielle et la théorie des moyennes," Post-Print hal-04529992, HAL.
    5. Ali Hosseiny & Mohammad Bahrami & Antonio Palestrini & Mauro Gallegati, 2016. "Metastable Features of Economic Networks and Responses to Exogenous Shocks," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 11(10), pages 1-22, October.
    6. GUORUI BIAN & MICHAEL McALEER & WING-KEUNG WONG, 2013. "Robust Estimation And Forecasting Of The Capital Asset Pricing Model," Annals of Financial Economics (AFE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 8(02), pages 1-18.
    7. Jan Lorenz & Fabian Paetzel & Frank Schweitzer, 2013. "Redistribution Spurs Growth by Using a Portfolio Effect on Risky Human Capital," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 8(2), pages 1-13, February.
    8. Friedrich Wagner, 2011. "Market clearing by maximum entropy in agent models of stock markets," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 6(2), pages 121-138, November.
    9. Sokolov, Andrey & Melatos, Andrew & Kieu, Tien, 2010. "Laplace transform analysis of a multiplicative asset transfer model," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(14), pages 2782-2792.
    10. José Antonio Climent Hernández & Gabino Sánchez Arzate & Ambrosio Ortiz Ramírez, 2021. "Portafolios ?-estables del G20: Evidencia empírica con Markowitz, Tobin y CAPM," Remef - Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas Nueva Época REMEF (The Mexican Journal of Economics and Finance), Instituto Mexicano de Ejecutivos de Finanzas, IMEF, vol. 16(4), pages 1-28, Octubre -.
    11. Y. Malevergne & D. Sornette, 2003. "VaR-Efficient Portfolios for a Class of Super- and Sub-Exponentially Decaying Assets Return Distributions," Papers physics/0301009,
    12. Bao, Te & Diks, Cees & Li, Hao, 2018. "A generalized CAPM model with asymmetric power distributed errors with an application to portfolio construction," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 611-621.
    13. Costas Efthimiou & Adam Wearne, 2016. "Household Income Distribution in the USA," Papers 1602.06234,
    14. Anirban Chakraborti & Ioane Muni Toke & Marco Patriarca & Frédéric Abergel, 2011. "Econophysics review: II. Agent-based models," Post-Print hal-00621059, HAL.
    15. Venkatasubramanian, Venkat & Luo, Yu & Sethuraman, Jay, 2015. "How much inequality in income is fair? A microeconomic game theoretic perspective," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 435(C), pages 120-138.
    16. Campolieti, Michele, 2018. "Heavy-tailed distributions and the distribution of wealth: Evidence from rich lists in Canada, 1999–2017," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 503(C), pages 263-272.
    17. Toker Doganoglu & Christoph Hartz & Stefan Mittnik, 2007. "Portfolio optimization when risk factors are conditionally varying and heavy tailed," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 29(3), pages 333-354, May.
    18. Sarabia, José María & Jordá, Vanesa, 2014. "Explicit expressions of the Pietra index for the generalized function for the size distribution of income," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 416(C), pages 582-595.
    19. Fiaschi, Davide & Marsili, Matteo, 2012. "Distribution of wealth and incomplete markets: Theory and empirical evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 243-267.
    20. Thitithep Sitthiyot & Kanyarat Holasut, 2024. "Income distribution in Thailand is scale-invariant," Papers 2402.01141,

    More about this item


    econophysics; thermodynamics; thermal machine; entropy; utility; the quantity theory of money;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • C99 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Other


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cbk:journl:v:4:y:2015:i:3:p:65-89. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: the person in charge (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.