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Measuring the Interaction of Wage and Price Phillips Curves for the U.S. Economy

  • Chen Pu


    (Bieleleld University)

  • Flaschel Peter


    (Bielefeld University)

This paper demonstrates that demand pressure, besides hybrid cost-pressure, matters both on the labor market and on the market for goods in the determination of wage and price inflation. We discuss theoretically and estimate for the USA wage and price Phillips curves exhibiting their own demand pressure measure in their respective market and weighted averages of perfectly foreseen short- and adaptively changed medium-run cost-pressure terms in addition. These curves are in their formal structure closely related to NK staggered wage and price dynamics, but differ radically from them in their implications. Our findings are that wages are more flexible than prices with respect to their demand pressure measure and that price determination gives much more weight to medium term inflation than does wage inflation. Supplemented by Okun's law, this implies a reduced form real wage dynamic that depends positively on economic activity, and thus an adverse type of real wage adjustment, if goods demand depends positively on real wages.

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Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 10 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 1-35

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:sndecm:v:10:y:2006:i:4:n:2
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  1. Cheng Hsiao, 1997. "Cointegration and Dynamic Simultaneous Equations Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(3), pages 647-670, May.
  2. Chiarella, Carl & Flaschel, Peter & Wells, Graeme, 2003. "The Dynamics Of Keynesian Monetary Growth," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(03), pages 473-475, June.
  3. Ray C. Fair, 2000. "Testing the NAIRU Model for the United States," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 64-71, February.
  4. Chiarella, Carl & Flaschel, Peter, 1996. "Real and monetary cycles in models of Keynes-Wicksell type," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 327-351, September.
  5. Pu Chen & Carl Chiarella & Peter Flaschel & Willi Semmler, 2006. "Keynesian Macrodynamics and the Phillips Curve. An Estimated Baseline Macromodel for the U.S. Economy," Working Paper Series 147, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
  6. Spanos, Aris, 1990. "The simultaneous-equations model revisited : Statistical adequacy and identification," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1-2), pages 87-105.
  7. N. Gregory Mankiw, 2000. "The Inexorable and Mysterious Tradeoff Between Inflation and Unemployment," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1905, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  8. Laxton, Douglas & Rose, David & Tambakis, Demosthenes, 1999. "The U.S. Phillips curve: The case for asymmetry," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(9-10), pages 1459-1485, September.
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