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The Association of Suicide Rates with Individual-Level Suicide Attitudes: A Cross-National Analysis


  • Steven Stack
  • Augustine J. Kposowa


Research on the predictors of individual-level attitudes toward suicide has neglected the possible role of contextual-level predictors. The present study addresses this gap in the literature by assessing the association between suicide rates and the attitudes of individuals. Based on social learning theory, it is argued that persons socialized in nations with relatively high rates of suicide are more likely to be exposed to suicidal role models, which provide positive definitions of suicide. Copyright (c) 2008 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

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  • Steven Stack & Augustine J. Kposowa, 2008. "The Association of Suicide Rates with Individual-Level Suicide Attitudes: A Cross-National Analysis," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 89(1), pages 39-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:socsci:v:89:y:2008:i:1:p:39-59

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Judith D. Singer, 1998. "Using SAS PROC MIXED to Fit Multilevel Models, Hierarchical Models, and Individual Growth Models," Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, , vol. 23(4), pages 323-355, December.
    2. Peretti-Watel, P. & Bendiane, M.K. & Moatti, J.P., 2005. "Attitudes toward palliative care, conceptions of euthanasia and opinions about its legalization among French physicians," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 60(8), pages 1781-1793, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stack, Steven & Kposowa, Augustine J., 2011. "The effect of survivalism-self-expressionism culture on black male suicide acceptability: A cross-national analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 72(7), pages 1211-1218, April.
    2. Benno Torgler & Christoph A Schaltegger, 2012. "Suicide and Religion: New Evidence on the Differences Between Protestantism and Catholicism," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 288, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
    3. Yip, Paul S.F. & Yousuf, Saman & Chan, Chee Hon & Yung, Tiffany & Wu, Kevin C.-C., 2015. "The roles of culture and gender in the relationship between divorce and suicide risk: A meta-analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 87-94.

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