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Institutions and the Impact of Investment on Growth

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  • James D . Gwartney
  • Randall G . Holcombe
  • Robert A . Lawson

Abstract

The literature on institutions and economic growth shows a close relationship between the quality of institutions and prosperity. This paper examines the impact of institutions on investment, and the resulting impact of investment on growth. The private investment rate of countries with better institutional quality is higher, and the productivity of any given level of investment is greater in countries with better institutions. Models that include various indicators of institutional quality along with inputs such as physical and human capital will generally underestimate the impact of institutional quality on growth because they do not account for the indirect impact of institutions on investment, as is done here. The paper also examines the direction of causality to show that higher institutional quality causes more investment, rather than the other way around. Further, future institutional improvements are more likely to occur against a background of poor economic performance than one of sustained growth. Copyright 2006 Blackwell Publishing Ltd..

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  • James D . Gwartney & Randall G . Holcombe & Robert A . Lawson, 2006. "Institutions and the Impact of Investment on Growth," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(2), pages 255-273, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:59:y:2006:i:2:p:255-273
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi & Dani Rodrik, 2002. "Institutions Rule; The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development," IMF Working Papers 02/189, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2004. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 131-165, June.
    3. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2001. "Tropical Underdevelopment," NBER Working Papers 8119, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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