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Arms and the Man: World War I and the Rise of the Welfare State

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  • Leonard Dudley
  • Ulrich Witt

Abstract

Comment peut-on expliquer que la part des dépenses publiques dans le PNB en temps de paix ait doublé dans plusieurs économies occidentales entre 1910 et 1938? Les dates éloignées de l'introduction du suffrage universel pour les hommes et l'évidence d'un protectionnisme croissant pendant cette période indiquent que ce développement ne peut s'expliquer ni par la démocratie ni par la mondialisation. Nous réexaminons ici deux autres explications, à savoir: (1) un déplacement de la demande des biens publics et (2) une volonté accrue de partager avec ses concitoyens provoquée par la guerre. Nous offrons des explications théoriques du phénomène en introduisant dans le Dilemme Multi-Personne de Schelling (1978) un jeu d'apprentissage dont les paiements changent de façon endogène. Ensuite nous testons les propositions qui en découlent avec des données de dépenses publiques en pourcentage du PNB pour les États-Unis, le Canada, le Royaume-Uni, l'Allemagne et le Danemark, des années 1870 aux années 1930. Dans chaque cas, nous rejetons l'hypothèse d'une racine unitaire, mais pas celle d'une rupture de tendance, résultat compatible avec l'explication (2) plutôt qu'avec l'explication (1). Copyright WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG 2004.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonard Dudley & Ulrich Witt, 2004. "Arms and the Man: World War I and the Rise of the Welfare State," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(4), pages 475-504, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:57:y:2004:i:4:p:475-504
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alberto Alesina & Edward Glaeser & Bruce Sacerdote, 2001. "Why Doesn't The US Have a European-Style Welfare State?," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1933, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    2. Alberto Alesina & Edward Glaeser & Bruce Sacerdote, 2001. "Why Doesn't the US Have a European-Style Welfare System?," NBER Working Papers 8524, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Reinoud Joosten, 2011. "Social Dilemmas, Time Preferences and Technology Adoption in a Commons Problem," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2011-09, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    2. Stanley Winer & Michael Tofias & Bernard Grofman & John Aldrich, 2008. "Trending economic factors and the structure of Congress in the growth of government, 1930–2002," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 135(3), pages 415-448, June.
    3. J. Stephen Ferris & Soo-Bin Park & Stanley L. Winer, 2005. "Political Competition and Convergence to Fundamentals: With Application to the Politcal Business Cycle and the Size of the Public Sector," Carleton Economic Papers 05-09, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
    4. J. Ferris & Soo-Bin Park & Stanley Winer, 2008. "Studying the role of political competition in the evolution of government size over long horizons," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 369-401, October.
    5. J Stephen Ferris & Soo-Bin Park & Stanley L. Winer, 2006. "Political Competition and Convergence to Fundamentals: With Application to the Political Business Cycle and the Size of Government," CESifo Working Paper Series 1646, CESifo Group Munich.
    6. Roel Beetsma & Alex Cukierman & Massimo Giuliodori, 2016. "Political Economy of Redistribution in the United States in the Aftermath of World War II--Evidence and Theory," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 1-40, November.
    7. J. Stephen Ferris & Stanley L. Winer, 2006. "Politics, political competition and the political budget cycle in Canada, 1870 - 2000: a search across alternative fiscal instruments," Carleton Economic Papers 06-05, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
    8. Zhu, Z. & Krug, B., 2005. "Is China a Leviathan?," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2004-103-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    9. Reinoud Joosten, 2014. "Social dilemmas, time preferences and technology adoption in a commons problem," Journal of Bioeconomics, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 239-258, October.

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