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Arms and the Man: World War I and the Rise of the Welfare State

  • Leonard Dudley
  • Ulrich Witt

Comment peut-on expliquer que la part des dépenses publiques dans le PNB en temps de paix ait doublé dans plusieurs économies occidentales entre 1910 et 1938? Les dates éloignées de l'introduction du suffrage universel pour les hommes et l'évidence d'un protectionnisme croissant pendant cette période indiquent que ce développement ne peut s'expliquer ni par la démocratie ni par la mondialisation. Nous réexaminons ici deux autres explications, à savoir: (1) un déplacement de la demande des biens publics et (2) une volonté accrue de partager avec ses concitoyens provoquée par la guerre. Nous offrons des explications théoriques du phénomène en introduisant dans le Dilemme Multi-Personne de Schelling (1978) un jeu d'apprentissage dont les paiements changent de façon endogène. Ensuite nous testons les propositions qui en découlent avec des données de dépenses publiques en pourcentage du PNB pour les �tats-Unis, le Canada, le Royaume-Uni, l'Allemagne et le Danemark, des années 1870 aux années 1930. Dans chaque cas, nous rejetons l'hypothèse d'une racine unitaire, mais pas celle d'une rupture de tendance, résultat compatible avec l'explication (2) plutôt qu'avec l'explication (1). Copyright WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG 2004.

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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Kyklos.

Volume (Year): 57 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 475-504

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Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:57:y:2004:i:4:p:475-504
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