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How Does Economic Development in Eastern Europe Affect Austria's Regions? A Multiregional General Equilibrium Framework

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  • Johannes Bröcker
  • Martin Schneider

Abstract

The paper quantifies regional welfare effects arising from the increasing trade flows between Austria and its Eastern neighbors after the opening up of Eastern Europe. We calibrate a static multiregional Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model with benchmark data from 1994 for Austria, subdivided into nine Federal Provinces. The regions are linked by trade flows with the four Eastern neighboring countries and with the rest of the world. We simulate the effects of the increase of trade interpenetration as observed between 1989 and 1999 in a comparative static analysis. Regional welfare effects under fixed and flexible wages are presented. We also compare national CGE results with estimates obtained in a simple partial equilibrium approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Johannes Bröcker & Martin Schneider, 2002. "How Does Economic Development in Eastern Europe Affect Austria's Regions? A Multiregional General Equilibrium Framework," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(2), pages 257-285, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jregsc:v:42:y:2002:i:2:p:257-285
    DOI: 10.1111/1467-9787.00258
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    2. E.A. Haddad & J. Bonet & G.J.D. Hewings & F.S. Perobelli, 2009. "Spatial aspects of trade liberalization in Colombia: A general equilibrium approach," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(4), pages 699-732, November.
    3. Elshahawany, Dina & Haddad, Eduardo & Lahr, Michael, 2015. "The Potential Economic Impacts of the Proposed Development Corridor in Egypt: An Interregional CGE Approach," TD NEREUS 6-2015, Núcleo de Economia Regional e Urbana da Universidade de São Paulo (NEREUS).
    4. Arne Melchior, 2009. "East-West Integration and the Economic Geography of Europe," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0379, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
    5. Peter McGregor & Mark Partridge & Dan Rickman, 2010. "Innovations in Regional Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Modelling," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(10), pages 1307-1310.
    6. Plassmann, Florenz, 2005. "The advantage of avoiding the Armington assumption in multi-region models," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 777-794, November.
    7. Jaime Bonet & Eduardo A. Haddad & Geoffrey J.D. Hewings & Fernando S. Perobelli, 2008. "Efectos regionales de una mayor liberación comercial en Colombia: Una estimación con el Modelo CEER," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 005004, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    8. Roehlano Briones, 2015. "Impact assessment of national and regional policies using the Philippine Regional General Equilibrium model," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 51(1), pages 45-76, June.
    9. Mayerhofer, Peter, 2002. "Austrian border regions and eastern integration: A low competitiveness - high growth paradoxon," HWWA Discussion Papers 202, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    10. Bert van Wee & Piet Rietveld, 2013. "CBA: ex ante evaluation of mega-projects," Chapters, in: Hugo Priemus & Bert van Wee (ed.),International Handbook on Mega-Projects, chapter 12, pages 269-290, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    11. Anu Tokila & Mika Haapanen, 2012. "Evaluation of Deadweight Spending in Regional Enterprise Financing," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(2), pages 185-201, May.
    12. De Almeida, Eduardo Simoes & Guilhoto, Joaquim, 2006. "O Custo De Transporte Como Barreira Ao Comércio Na Integração Econômica: O Caso Do Nordeste," 44th Congress, July 23-27, 2006, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil 146589, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
    13. Eduardo Simões de Almeida, 2004. "A Duplicação Da Rodovia Fernão Dias: Uma Análise De Equilíbrio Geral," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 130, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    14. da Motta, Glaucia Possas & Perobelli, Fernando Salgueiro & Domingues, Edson Paulo, 2017. "Avaliação do Padrão de Consumo de Bens e Serviços de Saúde: Uma Abordagem de Equilíbrio Geral Computável para a Economia Brasileira," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, EPGE Brazilian School of Economics and Finance - FGV EPGE (Brazil), vol. 71(4), December.
    15. James A. Giesecke & John R. Madden, 2013. "Evidence-based regional economic policy analysis: the role of CGE modelling," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 6(2), pages 285-301.
    16. Andrew Feltenstein & Florenz Plassmann, 2008. "The Welfare Analysis of a Free Trade Zone: Intermediate Goods and the Asian Tigers," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(7), pages 905-924, July.
    17. Eduardo Simoes de Almeida & Eduardo Amaral Haddad & Geoffrey Hewings, 2010. "Transport-Regional Equity Issue Revisited," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(10), pages 1387-1400.
    18. Martin Schneider, 1998. "A multiregional general equilibrium model of the Austrian economy: Effects of the catch-up process of the CEECs on the regional economy," ERSA conference papers ersa98p137, European Regional Science Association.
    19. Almeida, Eduardo Simões de & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2010. "Is the truth out there? Avaliando as opções de integração econômica para o Brasil [Is the truth out there? Evaluating the economic integration options for Brazil]," MPRA Paper 54443, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. repec:elg:eechap:14395_2 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Zhu, Xueqin & Van Ommeren, Jos & Rietveld, Piet, 2009. "Indirect benefits of infrastructure improvement in the case of an imperfect labor market," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 57-72, January.
    22. Jie Zhu & Ying Jin & Marcial Echenique, 2012. "Application of a new spatial computable general equilibrium model for assessing strategic transport and land use development options in London and surrounding regions," ERSA conference papers ersa12p931, European Regional Science Association.
    23. World Bank, 2008. "Brazil : Evaluating the Macroeconomic and Distributional Impacts of Lowering Transportation Costs," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8083, The World Bank.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies

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