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Estimating Market Structure and Tax Incidence: The Japanese Television Market

  • Karp, Larry S
  • Perloff, Jeffrey M

A method of estimating market structure and tax incidence, when data are available for some firms and the total industry, is applied to the domestic Japanese television market. This market is shown to be oligopolistic with a tax incidence on consumers greater than 100 percent. Tax incidence varies with both the tax rate and the market structure, which has implications for dumping cases. The size of the bias in estimating tax incidence from inappropriately assuming that the industry is competitive is theoretically derived, and the bias for color televisions is 19 percent. Copyright 1989 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Industrial Economics.

Volume (Year): 37 (1989)
Issue (Month): 3 (March)
Pages: 225-39

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:37:y:1989:i:3:p:225-39
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  1. Gollop, Frank M. & Roberts, Mark J., 1979. "Firm interdependence in oligopolistic markets," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 313-331, August.
  2. Iwata, Gyoichi, 1974. "Measurement of Conjectural Variations in Oligopoly," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 42(5), pages 947-66, September.
  3. Appelbaum, Elie, 1982. "The estimation of the degree of oligopoly power," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 287-299, August.
  4. Lafontaine, Francine & White, Kenneth J., 1986. "Obtaining any Wald statistic you want," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 35-40.
  5. Richard E. Just & Wen S. Chern, 1980. "Tomatoes, Technology, and Oligopsony," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 11(2), pages 584-602, Autumn.
  6. Appelbaum, Elie, 1979. "Testing price taking behavior," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 283-294, February.
  7. Davidson, Carl & Martin, Lawrence W, 1985. "General Equilibrium Tax Incidence under Imperfect Competition: A Quantity-setting Supergame Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(6), pages 1212-23, December.
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