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Liquidity Measurement Problems in Fast, Competitive Markets: Expensive and Cheap Solutions

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  • CRAIG W. HOLDEN
  • STACEY JACOBSEN

Abstract

type="main"> Do fast, competitive markets yield liquidity measurement problems when using the popular Monthly Trade and Quote (MTAQ) database? Yes. MTAQ yields distorted measures of spreads, trade location, and price impact compared with the expensive Daily Trade and Quote (DTAQ) database. These problems are driven by (1) withdrawn quotes, (2) second (versus millisecond) time stamps, and (3) other causes, including canceled quotes. The expensive solution, using DTAQ, is first-best. For financially constrained researchers, the cheap solution—using MTAQ with our new Interpolated Time technique, adjusting for withdrawn quotes, and deleting economically nonsensical states—is second-best. These solutions change research inferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Craig W. Holden & Stacey Jacobsen, 2014. "Liquidity Measurement Problems in Fast, Competitive Markets: Expensive and Cheap Solutions," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 69(4), pages 1747-1785, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:69:y:2014:i:4:p:1747-1785
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/jofi.12127
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Upson, James & Van Ness, Robert A., 2017. "Multiple markets, algorithmic trading, and market liquidity," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 49-68.
    2. Eunju Lee, 2016. "Short selling and market mispricing," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 797-833, October.
    3. Brogaard, Jonathan & Hendershott, Terrence & Riordan, Ryan, 2017. "High frequency trading and the 2008 short-sale ban," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 22-42.
    4. Gao, Cheng & Mizrach, Bruce, 2016. "Market quality breakdowns in equities," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 1-23.
    5. Abad, David & Pascual, Roberto, 2015. "The friction-free weighted price contribution," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 226-239.
    6. Craig W. Holden & Stacey Jacobsen & Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, 2014. "The Empirical Analysis of Liquidity," Foundations and Trends(R) in Finance, now publishers, vol. 8(4), pages 263-365, December.
    7. Amiram, Dan & Owens, Edward & Rozenbaum, Oded, 2016. "Do information releases increase or decrease information asymmetry? New evidence from analyst forecast announcements," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 121-138.
    8. repec:eee:jfinec:v:126:y:2017:i:3:p:652-667 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:spr:reaccs:v:23:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11142-017-9422-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Li, Zhiyong & Lambe, Brendan & Adegbite, Emmanuel, 2017. "New Bid-Ask Spread Estimators from Daily High and Low Prices," MPRA Paper 79102, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Chakrabarty, Bidisha & Pascual, Roberto & Shkilko, Andriy, 2015. "Evaluating trade classification algorithms: Bulk volume classification versus the tick rule and the Lee-Ready algorithm," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 52-79.
    12. Easley, David & de Prado, Marcos Lopez & O'Hara, Maureen, 2016. "Discerning information from trade data," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(2), pages 269-285.
    13. repec:eee:jbfina:v:86:y:2018:i:c:p:21-36 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Conrad, Jennifer & Wahal, Sunil & Xiang, Jin, 2015. "High-frequency quoting, trading, and the efficiency of prices," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(2), pages 271-291.
    15. Thierry Foucault & Roman Kozhan & Wing Wah Tham, 2017. "Toxic Arbitrage," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 30(4), pages 1053-1094.
    16. Abdi, Farshid & Ranaldo, Angelo, 2016. "A Simple Estimation of Bid-Ask Spreads from Daily Close, High, and Low PricesWe propose a new method to estimate the bid-ask spread when quote data are not available. Compared to other low-frequency e," Working Papers on Finance 1604, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance, revised Apr 2017.
    17. Dahm, Laura K. & Sorhage, Christoph, 2015. "Milk or wine: Mutual funds' (dis)economies of life," CFR Working Papers 15-05, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    18. Schoenfeld, Jordan, 2017. "The effect of voluntary disclosure on stock liquidity: New evidence from index funds," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 51-74.
    19. repec:eee:jfinec:v:124:y:2017:i:3:p:503-534 is not listed on IDEAS

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