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Internationalization of Indian Enterprises: Patterns, Strategies, Ownership Advantages, and Implications

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  • Nagesh KUMAR

Abstract

The recent spate of large cross‐border acquisitions – for example, Tata Steel–Corus, Hindalco–Novelis, and Tata Motors–Jaguar/Land Rover – and greenfield investments by Indian companies have helped in focusing attention on the emergence of new corporate players on the global scene. India's emergence as a source of foreign direct investment outflows is impressive for its level of development. It is argued that the destinations, sectoral composition, motivations, and entry strategies of Indian investments have been changing with magnitudes. This paper examines the sources of Indian companies’ ownership advantages and trends, patterns, and implications. It has been argued that the source of their ownership or competitive advantage lies in their accumulation of skills for managing large multilocation operations across diverse cultures in India and in their ability to deliver value for money with their “frugal engineering skills” honed up while catering to the larger part of income pyramid in India.

Suggested Citation

  • Nagesh KUMAR, 2008. "Internationalization of Indian Enterprises: Patterns, Strategies, Ownership Advantages, and Implications," Asian Economic Policy Review, Japan Center for Economic Research, vol. 3(2), pages 242-261, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:asiapr:v:3:y:2008:i:2:p:242-261
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-3131.2008.00109.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-3131.2008.00109.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Louis T. Wells, 1983. "Third World Multinationals: The Rise of Foreign Investments from Developing Countries," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026273169x, September.
    2. Nagesh Kumar, 2007. "Regional Economic Integration, Foreign Direct Investment and Efficiency-Seeking Industrial Restructuring in Asia : The Case of India," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22110, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    3. UNCTAD Secretariat, 2006. "World Investment Report 2005—Transnational Corporations and the Internationalization of R&D," Foreign Trade Review, , vol. 40(4), pages 85-108, January.
    4. Dunning, John H, 1979. "Explaining Changing Patterns of International Production: In Defence of the Eclectic Theory," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 41(4), pages 269-295, November.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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