IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Decision Tree Approach to Discovering Fraud in Leasing Agreements


  • Horvat Ivan

    (VB Leasing d.o.o., Croatia)

  • Pejić Bach Mirjana

    (Faculty of Economics & Business - Zagreb, University of Zagreb, Croatia)

  • Merkač Skok Marjana

    (Fakulteta za poslovne in komercijalne vede, Slovenia)


Background: Fraud attempts create large losses for financing subjects in modern economies. At the same time, leasing agreements have become more and more popular as a means of financing objects such as machinery and vehicles, but are more vulnerable to fraud attempts. Objectives: The goal of the paper is to estimate the usability of the data mining approach in discovering fraud in leasing agreements. Methods/Approach: Real-world data from one Croatian leasing firm was used for creating tow models for fraud detection in leasing. The decision tree method was used for creating a classification model, and the CHAID algorithm was deployed. Results: The decision tree model has indicated that the object of the leasing agreement had the strongest impact on the probability of fraud. Conclusions: In order to enhance the probability of the developed model, it would be necessary to develop software that would enable automated, quick and transparent retrieval of data from the system, processing according to the rules and displaying the results in multiple categories.

Suggested Citation

  • Horvat Ivan & Pejić Bach Mirjana & Merkač Skok Marjana, 2014. "Decision Tree Approach to Discovering Fraud in Leasing Agreements," Business Systems Research, Sciendo, vol. 5(2), pages 61-71, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bit:bsrysr:v:5:y:2014:i:2:p:61-71
    DOI: 10.2478/bsrj-2014-0010

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Coussement, Kristof & Van den Bossche, Filip A.M. & De Bock, Koen W., 2014. "Data accuracy's impact on segmentation performance: Benchmarking RFM analysis, logistic regression, and decision trees," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 2751-2758.
    2. McCarty, John A. & Hastak, Manoj, 2007. "Segmentation approaches in data-mining: A comparison of RFM, CHAID, and logistic regression," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 60(6), pages 656-662, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Milanović Marina & Stamenković Milan, 2016. "CHAID Decision Tree: Methodological Frame and Application," Economic Themes, Sciendo, vol. 54(4), pages 563-586, December.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Azarnoush Ansari & Arash Riasi, 2016. "Customer Clustering Using a Combination of Fuzzy C-Means and Genetic Algorithms," International Journal of Business and Management, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(7), pages 1-59, June.
    2. Marco Vriens & Nathan Bosch & Chad Vidden & Jason Talwar, 2022. "Prediction and profitability in market segmentation typing tools," Journal of Marketing Analytics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 10(4), pages 360-389, December.
    3. Hache, Emmanuel & Leboullenger, Déborah & Mignon, Valérie, 2017. "Beyond average energy consumption in the French residential housing market: A household classification approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 82-95.
    4. Chen, Yanhong & Liu, Luning & Zheng, Dequan & Li, Bin, 2023. "Estimating travellers’ value when purchasing auxiliary services in the airline industry based on the RFM model," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).
    5. I. Albarrán & P. Alonso-González & J. M. Marin, 2017. "Some criticism to a general model in Solvency II: an explanation from a clustering point of view," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 52(4), pages 1289-1308, June.
    6. Danijel Bratina & Armand Faganel, 2023. "Using Supervised Machine Learning Methods for RFM Segmentation: A Casino Direct Marketing Communication Case," Tržište/Market, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, vol. 35(1), pages 7-22.
    7. Coussement, Kristof & De Bock, Koen W., 2013. "Customer churn prediction in the online gambling industry: The beneficial effect of ensemble learning," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(9), pages 1629-1636.
    8. Arno de Caigny & Kristof Coussement & Koen de Bock, 2020. "Leveraging fine-grained transaction data for customer life event predictions," Post-Print hal-02507998, HAL.
    9. Udoinyang G. Inyang & Okure O. Obot & Moses E. Ekpenyong & Aliu M. Bolanle, 2017. "Unsupervised Learning Framework for Customer Requisition and Behavioral Pattern Classification," Modern Applied Science, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(9), pages 151-151, September.
    10. Yingqiu Zhu & Qiong Deng & Danyang Huang & Bingyi Jing & Bo Zhang, 2021. "Clustering based on Kolmogorov–Smirnov statistic with application to bank card transaction data," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series C, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 70(3), pages 558-578, June.
    11. Coussement, Kristof & Van den Bossche, Filip A.M. & De Bock, Koen W., 2014. "Data accuracy's impact on segmentation performance: Benchmarking RFM analysis, logistic regression, and decision trees," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 2751-2758.
    12. Philippe Baecke & Dirk Van Den Poel, 2010. "Improving Purchasing Behavior Predictions By Data Augmentation With Situational Variables," International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making (IJITDM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 9(06), pages 853-872.
    13. Albarrán Lozano, Irene & Marín Díazaraque, Juan Miguel & Alonso, Pablo J., 2011. "Why using a general model in Solvency II is not a good idea : an explanation from a Bayesian point of view," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws113729, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    14. Sunčica Rogić & Ljiljana Kašćelan & Vladimir Kašćelan & Vladimir Đurišić, 2022. "Automatic customer targeting: a data mining solution to the problem of asymmetric profitability distribution," Information Technology and Management, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 315-333, December.
    15. Cinar, E. Mine & Hienkel, Tyler & Horwitz, William, 2019. "Comparative entrepreneurship factors between North Mediterranean and North African Countries: A regression tree analysis," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 88-94.
    16. Lingfeng Dong & Ting Ji & Jie Zhang, 2022. "Effects of Conversation Politeness on Hiring Decision in Online Labor Markets: An Inverted U-Shaped Relationship Exploration," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(22), pages 1-11, November.
    17. M. Ballings & D. Van Den Poel, 2012. "The Relevant Length of Customer Event History for Churn Prediction: How long is long enough?," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 12/804, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    18. Li, Yixin & Hou, Bingzhang & Wu, Yue & Zhao, Donglai & Xie, Aoran & Zou, Peng, 2021. "Giant fight: Customer churn prediction in traditional broadcast industry," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 630-639.
    19. Dolnicar, Sara & Grün, Bettina & Leisch, Friedrich, 2016. "Increasing sample size compensates for data problems in segmentation studies," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 992-999.
    20. Legohérel, Patrick & Hsu, Cathy H.C. & Daucé, Bruno, 2015. "Variety-seeking: Using the CHAID segmentation approach in analyzing the international traveler market," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 359-366.

    More about this item


    decision tree; fraud detection; leasing fraud; cars; data mining; leasing agreements;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bit:bsrysr:v:5:y:2014:i:2:p:61-71. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Peter Golla (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.