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R&D Policy Competition with Process Innovation in a Multi-Product Duopoly

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  • Stephen Jui-Hsien Chou

    () (Department of Economics, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan)

Abstract

This paper considers a reciprocal dumping model which consists of two countries, each owning a multi-product firm which sells products to both countries. The firms choose the R&D investment portfolio for their products, and a government may subsidize or tax its domestic firm for the R&D investment. It is shown that a firm invests more in R&D for its core (non-core) product if products are sufficiently differentiated (similar) to each other. Moreover, if a firm invests more in its non-core product than its core product, it does that to an extent such that the non-core product becomes the core product after the R&D process. Policy competition results in a unilateral incentive of a subsidy, and the stable optimal policy is always a subsidy. When two governments harmonize their policies, it is optimal for them to set subsidies to zero. The optimal subsidy in a duopoly is higher than that in a monopoly if and only if two governments' policies are strategic substitutes.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen Jui-Hsien Chou, 2013. "R&D Policy Competition with Process Innovation in a Multi-Product Duopoly," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 3, pages 53-76, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bap:journl:130404
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Neary, J Peter & Leahy, Dermot, 2000. "Strategic Trade and Industrial Policy towards Dynamic Oligopolies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(463), pages 484-508, April.
    2. Haaland, Jan I. & Kind, Hans Jarle, 2008. "R&D policies, trade and process innovation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 170-187, January.
    3. Leahy, Dermot & Neary, J Peter, 2001. "Robust Rules for Industrial Policy in Open Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers 2731, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Bagwell, Kyle & Staiger, Robert W., 1994. "The sensitivity of strategic and corrective R&D policy in oligopolistic industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 133-150, February.
    5. Dermot Leahy & J. Neary, 2009. "Multilateral subsidy games," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 41(1), pages 41-66, October.
    6. Barbara J. Spencer & James A. Brander, 1983. "International R & D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 707-722.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Process innovation; Subsidy; Multiproduct firm; Trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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