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New Zealand's Pastoral Exports: Can Small Countries Practise Pricing-to-Market?

  • Tantirigama, Mangalika
  • Lee, Minsoo
  • Sanyal, Amal

Literature presumes that exporters from small countries and particularly of primary products do not practice pricing-to-market (PTM) because of lack of market power. Out paper examines New Zealand’s pastoral exports over 1988-2002 and finds strong evidence of PTM. Evidence rejects the hypothesis that New Zealand is a price taker in these markets. We find incomplete pass-through in sheep meat markets and more than complete pass-through in wool. The degree of PTM is more pronounced in meat and less, but significant, in will. Interesting co-movement in export pricing of New Zealand and Australia and a high degree of PTM are noted when the two counties together dominate a market. Generally we report a smaller PTM when there is a larger promotional expenditure in the corresponding market.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50010
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Article provided by Review of Applied Economics in its journal Review of Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 4 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1-2 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:reapec:50010
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.lincoln.ac.nz/story11874.html

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  1. Peter Hooper & Catherine L. Mann, 1989. "Exchange Rate Pass-through in the 1980s: The Case of U.S. Imports of Manufactures," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 20(1), pages 297-337.
  2. Gagnon, Joseph E., 1989. "Adjustment costs and international trade dynamics," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3-4), pages 327-344, May.
  3. Adolfson, Malin, 1999. "Swedish Export Price Determination: Pricing to Market Shares?," Working Paper Series 96, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  4. Feenstra, Robert C., 1989. "Symmetric pass-through of tariffs and exchange rates under imperfect competition: An empirical test," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1-2), pages 25-45, August.
  5. Jayant Menon, 1992. "Exchange rates and prices of Australian manufactured exports," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 128(4), pages 695-710, December.
  6. Otani, Akira & Shiratsuka, Shigenori & Shirota, Toyoichiro, 2003. "The Decline in the Exchange Rate Pass-Through: Evidence from Japanese Import Prices," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 21(3), pages 53-81, October.
  7. Alexius, Annika & Vredin, Anders, 1996. "Pricing-to-Market in Swedish Exports," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 146, Stockholm School of Economics.
  8. Kasa, Kenneth, 1992. "Adjustment costs and pricing-to-market theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1-2), pages 1-30, February.
  9. Sven W. Arndt & J. David Richardson, 1987. "Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies," NBER Working Papers 2230, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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